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Provides a rare and solid body of relevant materials and documents from the 15th century to 2010
Identifies and uses a new legal basis for reconciling the continuing scholarly conflict
Creates a definition of the legal commencement of an armed attack for the purpose of Article 51 of the U.N. Charter
Determining the earliest point in time at which international law authorises a state to exercise its inherent right of self-defence is an issue which has been debated, but unsatisfactorily reasoned, by scholars and states since the 1960’s. Yet it remains arguably the most pressing question of law that faces the international community. This book unravels the legal and factual complications which have obscured the answer to this question. In contrast to most other works, it takes an historic approach by tracing the evolution of the rights, rules and principles of international law which have governed the use of force by states since the 16th century. Its emphasis on self-defence provides the reader with a new and complete understanding of how and why the international legal framework limits defensive force to repelling an imminent threat or use of offensive force which is directed at the territory of a state.
Taking an historic approach enables this book to resurrect an understanding of the human defensive instinct which has guided the formation of the international law of self-defence. It also explains the true legal nature and scope of the inherent right of self-defence, of anticipatory self-defence and provides a definition of the legal commencement of an armed attack for the purpose of Article 51 of the Charter.Finally, the reader will receive a unique source of research materials and analysis of state practice and of scholarly works concerning self-defence and the use of force since the 16th century, which is suitable for all readers of international law around the world.
Content Level »Research
Keywords »Anticipatory Self-Defence - Armed Attack - Armed Attack Between Sovereign States - Controversial Instances of the use of Force - Covenant of the League of Nations 1919 - General Treaty for the Renunciation of War 1928 - Inherent Right of Self-Defence - International Customary Law - International Law - Judgments of the International Court of Justice - Offensive and Defensive War - Preemptive use of Armed Force - Prohibition of the Threat or use of Force - Recognition of the Inherent Right of Self-Defence - Sovereign Right to Use War - Theory of Just War - Treaties Restricting the use of War - Use of Force Between States
Chapter 1 The use of force between states before 1815 – the sovereign right to use war.- Chapter 2 The use of force between states – 1815 to 1914.- Chapter 3 The use force between states – 1919 to 1939.- Chapter 4 Charter of the United Nations 1945.- Chapter 5 The existing scholarly debate and judicial developments in self-defence.- Chapter 6 State practice in self-defence since 1945.- Chapter 7 Conclusion.- Documents.- Bibliography.- Books and Texts.- Articles.- Index.