Virtual Issue #1

VIRTUAL ISSUE: Oil Spill Research in the Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology

The Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology has been a venue for publishing oil spill research for over forty years. Rehwoldt et al. (1974) published the first oil spill focused paper in the Bulletin, reporting on the aquatic toxicity of two spill mitigating agents. I published some of my own original oil spill research in the Bulletin in 1999 on the aquatic toxicity of a weathered middle distillate (Barron et al. 1999a,b). A search of the term “oil spill” shows 316 articles published in the Bulletin on the fate, acute and sublethal effects, and monitoring of petroleum and dispersants. The articles encompass terrestrial, freshwater and marine spills of petroleum products and spill control agents, and include papers on the major international spills of the last 40 years including Ixtoc-1, Exxon Valdez, Gulf War, Hebei Spirit and Deepwater Horizon. 

The articles selected for this virtual issue on oil spills encompass publications since the April 2010 Deepwater Horizon spill, and include 24 papers published between 2012 and 2017. The articles are from nine countries and four continents showing both the diversity of authorship and geographic regions impacted by oil spills. The articles report on the biodegradation, toxicity, and contamination monitoring of a range of petroleum products, including gasoline, aviation fuel, kerosene, crudes, and heavy fuel oils. I hope this compilation will be of interest and application in your own research.

Mace G. Barron, Guest Editor, Gulf Ecology Division, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Gulf Breeze, Florida, USA



Barron MG, Podrabsky T, Ogle S, Dugan J, Ricker RW (1999a) Sensitivity of the mysid Mysidopsis bahia to a weathered oil. Bull Environ Contamin Toxicol 62:266-271.

Barron MG, Podrabsky T, Ogle S, Dugan J, Ricker RW (1999b) Sensitivity of the sand crab to a weathered oil. Bull Environ Contamin Toxicol 62:469-475.

Rehwoldt R, Lasko L, Shaw C, Wirhowski E (1974) Toxicity study of two oil spill reagents toward hudson river fish species. Bull Environ Contamin Toxicol 11:159–162


Biodegradation of Diesel, Crude Oil and Spent Lubricating Oil by Soil Isolates of Bacillus spp.

Sublethal Toxicity of Crude Oil Exposure in The Blue Crab, Callinectes sapidus, at Two Life History Stages

Genetic and Hematologic Endpoints in Astyanax altiparanae (Characidae) After Exposure and Recovery to Water-Soluble Fraction of Gasoline (WSFG)

Acute Toxicity of Water-Accommodated Fraction and Chemically Enhanced WAF of Bunker C Oil and Dispersant to a Microalga Tetraselmis tetrathele

Comparing the Toxicity of Water-Soluble Fractions of Biodiesel, Diesel and 5 % Biodiesel/Diesel Blend on Oreochromis niloticus Using Histological Biomarkers

The Effects of Petroleum Hydrocarbons on Algae Can Be Reversed in the Presence of a Primary Consumer

Effects of Crude Oil and Dispersed Crude Oil on the Critical Swimming Speed of Puffer Fish, Takifugu rubripes

Toxic Effects of Oil and Dispersant on Marine Microalgae

Toxicity of the Dispersant Corexit 9500 to Early Life Stages of Blue Crab, Callinectes sapidus

Effects of Diesel and Kerosene on Germination and Growth of Coastal Wetland Plant Species

Combined Effects of Iranian Heavy Crude Oil and Bacterial Challenge (Streptococcus iniae) on Biotransformation and Innate Immune Responses in Rockfish (Sebastes schlegeli)

Effects of Dispersant and Oil on Survival and Swimming Activity in a Marine Copepod

Toxicity of Oil and Dispersed Oil on Juvenile Mud Crabs, Rhithropanopeus harrisii

Geno- and Cyto-toxicity in Free-Living Rodent Mus spretus Exposed to Simulated Onshore Oil Spill

Effects of Petroleum Hydrocarbon Contaminated Soil on Germination, Metabolism and Early Growth of Green Gram, Vigna radiata L.

Effects of Chemically Enhanced Water-Accommodated Fraction of Iranian Heavy Crude Oil on Periphytic Microbial Communities in Microcosm Experiment

Assessment of Poly Aromatic Hydrocarbon (PAH) Dispersion in the Near Shore Environment of Mumbai, India After a Large Scale Oil Spill

Growth Study and Hydrocarbonoclastic Potential of Microorganisms Isolated from Aviation Fuel Spill Site in Ibeno, Nigeria

Removal of Crude Oil by Microbial Consortium Isolated from Oil-Spilled Area in the Korean Western Coast

Biodegradation of Oil Spill by Petroleum Refineries Using Consortia of Novel Bacterial Strains

Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon-degrading Bacteria from Aviation Fuel Spill Site at Ibeno, Nigeria

Crude Oil-Degradation and Plasmid Profile of Nitrifying Bacteria Isolated from Oil-Impacted Mangrove Sediment in the Niger Delta of Nigeria

Toxicity of Fuel Oil Water Accommodated Fractions on Two Marine Microalgae, Skeletonema costatum and Chlorela spp

Toxicity of biodiesel, diesel and biodiesel/diesel blends: comparative sub-lethal effects of water-soluble fractions to microalgae species