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Environmental Sciences - Sustainable Development | Poverty Mosaics: Realities and Prospects in Small-Scale Fisheries

Poverty Mosaics: Realities and Prospects in Small-Scale Fisheries

Jentoft, Svein, Eide, Arne (Eds.)

2011, XXXI, 510 p.

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  • Addresses how small-scale fisheries contribute to poverty alleviation, community development and food security around the world.
  • Presents a remarkable mosaic of small-scale fishers’ stories, situations, coping strategies, and continued vulnerability.
  • Provides a clear understanding of the many dimensions of poverty and vulnerability; and the complex political, economic, social, cultural and ecological contexts that small-scale fisheries operate in around the globe.

 

Small-scale fisheries are a major source of food and employment around the world. Yet, many small-scale fishers work in conditions that are neither safe nor secure. Millions of them are poor, and often they are socially and politically marginalized. Macro-economic and institutional mechanisms are essential to address these poverty and vulnerability problems; however, interventions at the local community level are also necessary. This requires deep understanding of what poverty means to the fishers, their families and communities; how they cope with it; and the challenges they face to increase resiliency and improve their lives for the better.

 

This book provides a global perspective, situating small-scale fisheries within the broad academic discourse on poverty, fisheries management and development. In-depth case studies from fifteen countries in Latin America, Europe, South and Southeast Asia, and sub-Saharan Africa, demonstrate the enormously complex ecological, economic, social, cultural and political contexts of this sector. Conclusions for policy-making, formulated as a joint statement by the authors, argue that fisheries development, poverty alleviation, and resource management must be integrated within a comprehensive governance approach that also looks beyond fisheries.

 

The scientific editors, Svein Jentoft and Arne Eide, are both with the Norwegian College of Fishery Science, Faculty of Biosciences, Fisheries and Economics, University of Tromsø, Norway.

Content Level » Research

Keywords » Poverty alleviation - Small-scale fisheries

Related subjects » Environmental Management - Social Sciences - Sustainable Development

Table of contents 

Chapter 1 - Setting the Stage

By Svein Jentoft and Arne Eide

Introduction.- Chapter 2 - Avoiding Poverty

Chapter 2 - Avoiding Poverty

Distributing Wealth in Fisheries

By Arne Eide, Maarten Bavinck and Jesper Raakjær.-  

 Chapter 3 - Situating Poverty
A Chain Analysis of Small-Scale Fisheries

By Ratana Chuenpagdee and Svein Jentoft.-

 Chapter 4 - The Meaning of Poverty

Conceptual Issues in Small-Scale Fisheries Research

By Svein Jentoft and Georges Midré.-

  Chapter 5 - Living on the Margin
The Poverty-Vulnerability Nexus in the Small-Scale Fisheries of Bangladesh

By Mohammad Mahmudul Islam.-

 Chapter 6 - Occupation of Last Resort?
Small-Scale Fishing in Lake Victoria, Tanzania

By Paul O. Onyango.-

 Chapter 7 - Vanished Prosperity
Poverty and Marginalization in a Small Polish Fishing Community

By Boguslaw Marciniak.-

 Chapter 8 - More than Income Alone
The Anlo-Ewe Beach Seine Fishery in Ghana

By Marloes Kraan.-

 Chapter 9 - Wealth, Poverty and Immigration
The Role of Institutions in the Fisheries of Tamil Nadu, India

By Maarten Bavinck.-

 Chapter 10 - Addressing Vulnerability

Coping Strategies of Fishing Communities in Yucatan, Mexico

By Silvia Salas, Maiken Bjørkan, Felipe Bobadilla and Miguel A. Cabrera.-

Chapter 11 - Through Boom and Bust

Coping with Poverty in Sea Snail Fisheries on the Turkish Black Sea Coast

By Ståle Knudsen and Hakan Koçak.-

 Chapter 12 - Community Response

Decline of the Chambo in Lake Malawi’s Southeast Arm

By Mafaniso Hara.-

 Chapter 13 - To Make a Fishing Life

Community Empowerment in Small-Scale Fisheries in the Pearl Lagoon, Nicaragua

By Miguel González.-

 Chapter 14 - Learning from the Experts

Attaining Sufficiency in Small-Scale Fishing Communities in Thailand

By Ratana Chuenpagdee and Kungwan Juntarashote.-

 Chapter 15 - Facilitating Change

A Mekong Vietnamese Small-Scale Fishing Community

By Kim Anh Thi Nguyen and Ola Flaaaten.-

 Chapter 16 - Creating Action Space

Small-Scale Fisheries Policy Reform in South Africa

By Moenieba Isaacs.-

 Chapter 17 - Building Resilience

Fisheries Cooperatives in Southern Sri Lanka

By Oscar Amarasinghe and Maarten Bavinck.-

Chapter 18 - Moving out of Poverty

Conditions for Wealth Creation in Small-Scale Fisheries in Mozambique

By Ana Menezes, Arne Eide and Jesper Raakjær.-

Chapter 19 - The Merits of Consensus

Small-Scale Fisheries as a Livelihood Buffer in Livingston Town, Guatemala

By Hector Andrade and Georges Midré.-

 Chapter 20 - A Better Future

Prospects for Small-Scale Fishing People

By Svein Jentoft, Arne Eide, Maarten Bavinck, Ratana Chuenpagdee and Jesper Raakjær.-

 

Biographies of the PovFish Team.- Index of Keywords.                  

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