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Environmental Sciences - Soil Science | Coupled Dynamics in Soil - Experimental and Numerical Studies of Energy, Momentum and Mass Transfer

Coupled Dynamics in Soil

Experimental and Numerical Studies of Energy, Momentum and Mass Transfer

Series: Springer Theses

Zeng, Yijian

2013, XVI, 164 p.

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  • Nominated as an outstanding thesis by the University of Twente
  • A valuable contribution to land surface process modelling for arid and semi-arid areas
  • Successfully employs a two-phase heat- and mass-transport model to include the essential but as-yet neglected effects of vapour convection
In arid and semi-arid areas, the main contributions to land surface processes are precipitation, surface evaporation and surface energy balancing. In the close-to-surface layer and root-zone layer, vapor flux is the dominant flux controlling these processes - process which, in turn, influence the local climate pattern and the local ecosystem. The work reported in this thesis attempts to understand how the soil airflow affects the vapor transport during evaporation processes, by using a two-phase heat and mass transfer model. The necessity of including the airflow mechanism in land surface process studies is discussed and highlighted.

Content Level » Research

Keywords » Advective Effect on Evaporation - Airflow Mechanism - Land-Atmosphere Interaction - Soil Physics - Two-Phase Flow - Vapour Flux in Soil

Related subjects » Classical Continuum Physics - Environmental Engineering and Physics - Geophysics & Environmental Physics - Hydrogeology - Soil Science

Table of contents 

General Introduction.- Diurnal Pattern of Coupled Moisture and Heat Transport Process.- Application of Diurnal Soil Water Dynamics in Determining Effective Precipitation.- Two-Phase Mass and Heat Flow Model.- How Airflow Affects Soil Water Dynamics.- Impact of Model Physics on Retrieving Soil Moisture and Soil Temperature.- Concluding Remarks.

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