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Environmental Sciences - Soil Science | Eco- and Ground Bio-Engineering: The Use of Vegetation to Improve Slope… - Proceedings

Eco- and Ground Bio-Engineering: The Use of Vegetation to Improve Slope Stability

Proceedings of the First International Conference on Eco-Engineering 13-17 September 2004

Proceedings of the First International Conference on Eco-Engineering 13โ€“17 September 2004

Stokes, A., Spanos, I., Norris, J.E., Cammeraat, E. (Eds.)

2007, IX, 411 p.

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  • New scientific research and practical advice in the field of ground bio- and eco-engineering
  • Recent studies on slope stabilisation and erosion control techniques presented and discussed by world renowned experts
  • Interaction between substrate movement and vegetation discussed by geotechnical engineers, hydrologists and plant biologists
  • State-of-the-art technical and modelling methods presented by engineers, biologists and foresters

In an era where climate change, natural catastrophes and land degradation are major issues, the conservation of soil and vegetation in mountainous or sloping regions has become an international priority. How to avoid substrate mass movement through landslides and erosion using sustainable and ecologically sound techniques is rapidly becoming a scientific domain where knowledge from many different fields is required. These proceedings bring together papers from geotechnical and civil engineers, biologists, ecologists and foresters, who discuss current problems in slope stability research, and how to address those problems using ground bio- and eco-engineering techniques.

Ground bioengineering methods integrate civil engineering techniques with natural materials to obtain fast, effective and economic methods of protecting, restoring and maintaining the environment whereas eco-engineering has been defined as a long-term ecological strategy to manage a site with regard to natural or man-made hazards. Studies on slope instability, erosion, soil hydrology, mountain ecology, land use and restoration and how to mitigate these problems using vegetation are presented by both scientists and practitioners. Papers encompass many aspects of this multidisciplinary subject, including the mechanisms and modelling of root reinforcement and the development of decision support systems, areas where significant advances have been made in recent years.

Content Level » Research

Keywords » Biome - Geotechnical investigation - Sediment - development - ecology - environment - erosion - forest - hydrology - logging - soil - vegetation

Related subjects » Ecology - Environmental Management - Environmental Science & Engineering - Forestry - Soil Science

Table of contents 

Mechanisms and modelling of root reinforcement on slopes The influence of cellulose content on tensile strength of tree roots; M. Genet, A. Stokes, F. Salin, S.B. Mickovski, T. Fourcaud, J-F. Dumail, L.P.H. van Beek Novel biomechnical analysis of plant roots; O. Hamza, A.G. Bengough, M.F. Bransby, M.C.R. Davies, C. Halpin, .D. Hallett Root reinforcement: Analysis and experiments; T.H. Wu Root strength and root area of forest species in Lombardy (Northern Italy); G.B. Bischetti, E.A. Chiaradia, T. Simonato, B. Speziali, B. Vitali, P. Vullo, A. Zocco Biotechnical characteristics of root systems of typical Mediterranean species; C. Mattia, G.B. Bischetti, F. Gentile Uprooting of vetiver resistance of vetiver grass (Vetiveria zizanioides); S.B. Mickovski, L.P.H van Beek, F. Salin Root reinforcement by hawthorn and oak roots on a highway cut-slope in Southern England; J.E. Norris Protection roles of forest and non-forest woody species on slopes in Iran; G.H. Bibalani, B. Majnonian, E. Adeli, H. Sanii Reinforcement of tree roots in slope stability: a case study from the Ozawa slope in Iwate Prefecture, Japan; H. Nakamura, Q.M. Nghiem, N. Iwasa Observation and simulation of root reinforcement on abandoned Mediterranean slopes; L.P.H. van Beek, J. Wint, L.H. Cammeraat, J.P. Edwards Slope stabilisation by perennial 'gramineae' in Southern Italy: plant growth and temporal performance; D. Cazzuffi, A. Corneo, E. Crippa Root system morphology and anchorage Root system asymmetry of Mediterranean pines; P. Ganatsas, I. Spanos Root morphology, stem growth and field performance of seedlings of two Mediterranean evergreen oak species raised in different container types; M. Tsakaldimi, T. Zagas, T. Tsitsoni, P. Ganatsas Stabilizing characteristics of New Zealand indigenous riparian colonising plants; M. Marden, D. Rowan, C. Phillips Mechanical resistance of different tree species to rockfall in the French Alps; A. Stokes, F. Salin, A.D. Kokutse, S. Berthier, H. Jeannin, S. Mochan, L. Dorren, N. Kokutse, M. Abd.Ghani, T. Fourcaud Root morphology and strain distribution during tree failure on mountain slopes; A. Stokes, M.Abd.Ghani, F. Salin, F. Dajon, H. Heannin, S. Berthier, A.D. Kokutse, H. Frochot A numerical investigation into the influence of soil type and root architecture on tree anchorage; L. Dupuy, T. Fourcaud, A. Stokes Methodology applied to eco- and ground bio-engineering SLIP4EX โ€“ A program for routine slope stability analysis to include the effects of vegetation, reinforcement and hydrological changes; J.R. Greenwood Site investigation for the effects of vegetation on ground stability; J.R. Greenwood, J.E. Norris, J. Wint Mechanics of root-pullout from soil: a novel image and stress analysis procedure; O. Hamza, A.G. Bengough, M.F. Bransby, M.C.R. Davies, P.D. Hallett Dendrogeomorphological observations in a landslide on Tymfristos mountain in Central Greece; A. M. Papadopoulos, A. Mertzanis, A. Pantera Monitoring ground bio-engineering stabilization of land-slides in Lazio region (Italy); F. Preti, C. Milanese, F. Gubernale, S. De Bartoli, G. Falco The use of geostatistical techniques applied to soil conservation of low density woodlands; T. Panagopoulos A computer system using two membership functions and t-norms for the calculation of mountainous watersheds torrential risk: the case of lakes Trixonida and Lisimaxia; F. Maris, L. Iliadis Comparison between two low cost photogrammetric systems: the analytical instrument Adam ASP2000 and the digital photogrammetric station DVP; V.C. Drosos Applications at the slope level Vegetative-based technologies

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