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The globalization of trade, monetary and fiscal policies, capital markets, and investment patterns is reshaping the world economy and is leading to new financial, commercial, and marketing structures as well as unprecedented economies of scale. Simultaneously, national and international awareness and to strengthen. There is consensus among responses to accelerating environmental degradation continue most developed countries that the rapidly evolving new economic order needs to be well integrated with policies to maintain or restore environmental quality. Many challenges remain, however, in evaluating the geo-ecological implications of economic globalization, and in formulating the appropriate management responses. In lakes and rivers, the management of water supply and quality has largely proceeded on the basis of local considerations rather than at the global scale that has been more typical of environmental management of the atmosphere and ocean. It is increasingly apparent, however, that high-quality water resources are now in critically short supply not only because of local problems such as over-irrigation and eutrophication, but also as a result of larger-scale climate effects on the hydrosphere. This magnitude of impact will increasingly require the integrated monitoring and management of water resources on a planetary scale, with world criteria for environmental assessment, restoration, and conservation strategies. The increasing extent of world trade in potable freshwater heightens the urgency for establishing international approaches, criteria, and regulations.
Preface Chapter 1 Lessons from Lake Biwa and Other Asian Lakes: Global and Local Perspectives M. Kumagai, W. F. Vincent, K. Ishikawa, and Y. Aota Chapter 2 Perspectives on Environmental Monitoring 2-1. Monitoring and Assessing Global Water Quality – the GEMS/Water Experience R. D. Robarts, A. S. Fraser, K. M. Hodgson, and G. M. Paquette 2-2. Bio-optical Variability in the Littoral Zone: Local Heterogeneity and Implications for Water Quality Monitoring J.-J. Frenette and W. F. Vincent 2-3. Generic Approaches Towards Water Quality Monitoring Based on Paleolimnology R. Pienitz and W. F. Vincent Chapter 3 Approaches Towards Environmental Restoration 3-1. Global Perspectives and Limitations of Lake Restoration T. Murphy 3-2. Removing Environmental Contaminants with Aquatic Plants and Algae H. G. Peterson Chapter 4 Strategies for Ecological Modeling 4-1. Generic Numerical Models in Aquatic Ecology L. Legendre 4-2. Site-Specific Models and the Importance of Benthic-Pelagic Coupling M. Yamamuro Chapter 5 Recovery from Eutrophication 5-1. Restoration of Eutrophic Lakes: a Global Perspective E. Jeppesen, M. Søndergaard, J. P. Jensen, and T. L. Lauridsen 5-2. Local Perspectives in Lake Restoration and Rehabilitation C. Howard-Williams and D. Kelly Chapter 6 Requirements for Lake Management 6-1. Strategies for Lake Management in an Increasingly Global Environment C. R. Goldman 6-2. Lake Management Requirements from a Local Perspective M. R. James, W. Vant, and C. Severne Chapter 7 Global and Local Approaches to Freshwater Management: The Way Ahead W. F. Vincent and M. Kumagai Subject Index