Penetrante, Bernie M., Schultheis, Shirley E. (Eds.)
Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 1993, XXXVI, 400 p.
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Acid rain, global warming, ozone depletion, and smog are preeminent environmental problems facing the world today. Non-thermal plasma techniques offer an innovative approach to the solution of some of these problems. There are many types of non-thermal plasma devices that have been developed for environmental applications. The potential of these devices for the destruction of pollutants or toxic molecules has already been demonstrated in many contexts, such as nitrogen oxides (NOX) and sulfur dioxide (SO2) in flue gases, heavy metals and volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in industrial effluents, and chemical agents such as nerve gases. This book contains a comprehensive account of the latest developments in non-thermal plasma devices and their applications to the disposal of a wide variety of gaseous pollutants.
Section 1. Electron Beam Processing.- The History of Electron Beam Processing for Environmental Pollution Control and Work Performed in the United States.- Economics of the Electron Beam Process.- SO2 and NOx Removal from Flue Gas by Means of Lime Spray Dryer Followed by Electron Beam Irradiation.- Application of E-Beam Treatment to Flue Gas Cleanup in Japan.- Experiments on Chemical Reactions in Electron-Beam-Induced NOx/SO2 Removal.- Intensification of E-Beam Processing of SO2 Removal from Flue Gas.- Investigation of SO2 Oxidation in Humid Air Stream by High Current Density Pulsed Electron Beam.- Removal of Volatile Hydrocarbons from Industrial Off-Gas.- Ultraviolet Light and Electron Beam Induced Degradation of Trichloroethene.- Section 2. Electrical Discharge Processing.- Industrial Application of Pulsed Corona Processing to Flue Gas.- Report on Novel Dry DeNOx/DeSOx Technology for Cleaning Combustion Gases from Utility Thermal Power Plant Boilers.- Laboratory Studies of Plasmochemical Oxidation Process Energized by Pulsed Streamer Discharges.- Experimental Studies on No Removal from Methane Combustion Products Using Nanosecond Corona Discharge.- Application of Corona Technology in the Reduction of Greenhouse Gases and other Gaseous Pollutants.- Pulsed Corona Discharge for Removal of NOx from Flue Gas.- Destruction of Gaseous Pollutants and Air Toxics by Surface Discharge Induced Plasma Chemical Process (SPCP) and Pulse Corona Induced Plasma Chemical Process (PPCP).- Pulsed Corona Discharge for Hydrogen Sulfide Decomposition.- Decomposition of Volatile Organic Compounds by a Packed-Bed Reactor and a Pulsed-Corona Plasma Reactor.- Reaction Kinetics for Flue Gas Treatment of NOx.- Simultaneous Removal of NOx, COx, SOx and Soot in Diesel Engine Exhaust.- Treatment of Hazardous Organic Wastes Using Silent Discharge Plasmas.- Decomposition of Complex Molecules Using Silent Discharge Plasma Processing.- Hydrogenation of CO2 in a Silent Discharge.- UV Production in Dielectric Barrier Discharges for Pollution Control.- DC Glow Discharge with Fast Gas Flow for Flue Gas Processing.- Gliding Discharge Reactor for H2S Valorization or Destruction.