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Drinking water quality has been a matter of concern for several decades. Disinfection of drinking water improves its microbiological quality and prevents disease outbreaks. However, continuously increasing scientific research concerns the presence of organic and inorganic contaminants in water. Many of these compounds, named haloforms, originate from the procedure of disinfection, being formed during reactions of disinfectants with natural organic matter present in water. Haloforms may possess carcinogenic or mutagenic properties; therefore minimization of their concentrations in drinking water is a critical issue. Regulatory measures are becoming more and more stringent, as new health effects become known and optimized high-sensitivity analytical methodologies are being developed. Up-to-date research findings concerning all these aspects have been collected, critically reviewed, summarized, and are presented and discussed in the present book.
Formation of Haloforms in Drinking Water.- Formation of Brominated Organic Compounds in Chlorinated Drinking Water.- MX and Other Potentially Hazardous Chlorinated By-Products.- Ozonation By-Products.- Fate and Transport of Haloforms in Water Distribution Systems.- Health Effects of Haloforms in Drinking Water and Strategies for Their Control.- Analytical Methods for Determination of Haloforms in Drinking Water.- Occurrence and Regulation of Chlorination By-Products in Drinking Water.