Pollution and Remediation
| ASA S3/SC1.4 TR-2014 Sound Exposure Guidelines for Fishes and Sea Turtles: A Technical Report prepared by ANSI-Accredited Standards Committee S3/SC1 and registered with ANSI
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Represents the first science-based guidelines on effects of noise on fish and turtles
Reviewed and approved by ANSI Standards Group as guidelines
Discusses issues of world-wide interest with implications for shipping, off-shore construction, and development of energy sources
This Technical Report presents the outcome of a Working Group that was established to determine broadly applicable sound exposure guidelines for fishes and sea turtles. After consideration of the diversity of fish and sea turtles, guidelines were developed for broad groups of animals, defined by the way they detect sound. Different sound sources were considered in terms of their acoustic characteristics and appropriate metrics defined for measurement of the received levels. The resultant sound exposure guidelines are presented in a set of tables. In some cases numerical guidelines are provided, expressed in appropriate metrics. When there were insufficient data to support numerical values, the relative likelihood of effects occurring was evaluated, although the actual likelihood of effects depends on the received level. These sound exposure guidelines, which are based on the best scientific information at the time of writing, should be treated as interim. The expectation is that with more research the guidelines can be refined and more cells in the tables completed. Recommendations are put forward defining the research requirements of highest priority for extending these interim exposure guidelines.
Content Level »Research
Keywords »ANSI Technical Report Underwater Sound - ANSI Underwater Sound Guidelines - ASA ANSI Technical Report Underwater Sound - ASA Underwater Sound Guidelines - Effects of Noise on Aquatic Life - Fish Hearing - Larval Fish Underwater Sound - Sound Exposure Death and Injury - Sound Exposure Effects - Sound Exposure Effects on Hearing Fishes - Sound Exposure Eggs and Larvae - Sound Exposure Fishes - Sound Exposure Guidelines in Tables - Sound Exposure Sea Turtles - Turtle Hearing - Underwater Sound - Underwater Sound Exposure Effects on Behavior - Underwater Sound Guidelines - Underwater Sound Guidelines Fish Eggs and larvae - Underwater Sound Guidelines Fishes - Underwater Sound Guidelines Sea Turtles