Advanced Science and Technology for Biological Decontamination of Sites Affected by Chemical and Radiological Nuclear Agents
Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Study Institute on Advanced Science and Technology for Biological Decontamination of Sites Affected by Chemical and Radiological Nuclear Agents, held in Zhitomir, Ukraine, 17-28 August 2005
Marmiroli, Nelson, Samotokin, Borys, Marmiroli, Marta (Eds.)
2007, XVIII, 258 p.
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This book presents a comprehensive and integrated approach toward solving the ever growing problem of soil and water contamination by radioactive and chemical wastes from military facilities, weapons industries, and weapons storage.
Plant and microbial biotechnology have been proven viable low-cost approaches to monitor, tackle, and solve broad pollution issues. Field trials, macrocosms, microcosms, and laboratory scale experiments are described to explain how to deal with wastes, different in chemical type, concentration, area of concern, and substrates they affect.
Description of actual examples of phytoremediation fields, bioremediation plants, and constructed wetlands provide a framework for the application of these techniques to new applications and emphasize the factors that are significant to developing effective treatments.
Preface.- Contributors.- 1. Site characterisation.- 1.1. Methodology and approach to environmental site investigations of large industrial sites in order to obtain optimal cost/benefit ratios: case study of the ISAB – Erg Petroli refinery at Priolo Gargallo (SR), Italy; M. Pupeza et al.- 1.2. Radiation contamination of forest ecosystems investigation: field experiments, modeling and simulation; O. Orlov et al.- 1.3. Risk assessment and remediation of military and ammunition sites; A. Gerth, A. Hebner.- 2. Biological bases of biological remediation.- 2.1. Microbial systems for in-situ soil and groundwater remediation; L. Diels, R. Lookman.- 2.2. Plant taxonomy for phytoremediation; S. Gawronski, H. Gawronska.- 2.3. Genetic variability and genetic engineering in phytoremediation; N. Marmiroli.- 3. Feasibility studies and practical implementation.- 3.1. Dechlorination of chlorinated hydrocarbons by zero-valent iron nano-particles; M. Pupeza et al.- 3.2. Remediation alternatives on high toxicity and dangerous sites; D. L. Russell.- 3.3. From laboratory experiments to large scale application – an example of the phytoremediation of radionuclides; P. Soudek et al.- 3.4. Phytoremediation – Some case studies conducted at WAU; S .Gawronski, H. Gawronska.- 3.5. Management of passive biological water treatment systems for mine effluents; C. Kunze et al.- 3.6. Lessons from the wastewater field; D. L. Russell.- 3.7. Phytoremediation of explosives; T.Vanek et al.- 4. Regulatory issues.- 4.1. German law for the prevention, identification, investigation, risk assessment and remediation of contaminated sites and harmful soil changes; W.-U. Marr.- 4.2. The main directions of cooperation between the Ministry of Natural Resources of the Russian Federation and CCMS NATO within the framework of NRC CCMS; A. L. Kozeltsev.-