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Environmental Sciences - Paleoenvironmental Sciences | An Introduction to Environmental Biophysics

An Introduction to Environmental Biophysics

Campbell, Gaylon S., Norman, John M.

2nd ed. 1998, XXI, 286 p.

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The objectives ofthe first edition of"An Introduction to Environmental Biophysics" were ''to describe the physical microenvironment in which living organisms reside" and "to present asimplified discussion ofheat andmasstransfermodelsandapplythemtoexchangeprocessesbetween organisms and their surroundings." These remain the objectives ofthis edition. Thisbook is used asatext in coursestaughtatWashington State UniversityandUniversityofWisconsinandtheneweditionincorporates knowledge gained through teaching this subject over the past 20 years. Suggestionsofcolleaguesandstudentshavebeenincorporated,andallof thematerialhasbeenrevisedtoreflectchangesandtrendsinthe science. Those familiar with the first edition will note that the order ofpre­ sentation ischanged somewhat. We now startbydescribingthe physical environmentoflivingorganisms (temperature,moisture, wind) and then consider the physics ofheat and mass transport between organisms and their surroundings. Radiativetransportistreated laterinthisedition,and is covered in two chapters, rather than one, as in the first edition. Since remote sensingisplayingan increasingly importantrole in environmen­ tal biophysics,we have includedmaterialonthisimportanttopic aswell. Aswiththefirst edition,thefinal chaptersare applicationsofpreviously described principlestoanimal and plant systems. Many ofthe students who take our courses come from the biolog­ ical sciences where mathematical skills are often less developed than in physics and engineering. Our approach, which starts with more de­ scriptive topics, and progresses to topics that are more mathematically demanding, appearstomeettheneedsofstudentswith thistypeofback­ ground. Since we expect students to develop the mathematical skills necessarytosolveproblemsinmassandenergyexchange,wehaveadded manyexampleproblems,andhavealsoprovidedadditional problemsfor studentsto work at the endofchapters.

Content Level » Lower undergraduate

Keywords » biology - biophysics - environment - liquid water - temperature - transport - wind

Related subjects » Biophysics & Biological Physics - Ecology - Environmental Engineering and Physics - Nature Conservation & Biodiversity - Paleoenvironmental Sciences - Plant Sciences

Table of contents 

1. Introduction; 2. Temperature; 3. Water Vapor and Other Gases; 4. Liquid Water in Organisms and their Environment; 5. Wind; 6. Heat and Mass Transport; 7. Conductances for Heat and Mass Transport; 8. Heat Flow in the Soil; 9. Water Flow in Soil; 10. Radiation Basics; 11. Radiation Fluxes in Natural Environments; 12. Animals and Their Environment; 13. Humans and Their Environment; 14. Plants and Plant Communities; 15. The Light Environment of Plant Canopies; Appendix

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