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Environmental Sciences - Paleoenvironmental Sciences | Geology and Ecosystems

Geology and Ecosystems

Zektser, I.S., Marker, B., Ridgway, J., Rogachevskaya, L., Vartanyan, G. (Eds.)

2006, XXI, 392 p.

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Geology and Ecosystems examines the relationship between biological communities of the Earth and objects of inorganic nature of the geological environment. Rational and sustainable development of society requires an ever-growing exploitation of natural resources, among which mineral and water resources play a dominant role. During recent decades, we have observed a high rate of human invasion into our geological structure, mainly through extraction of minerals, hydrocarbons, groundwater, etc. These impacts together with day-to-day human activity, cause destruction to the Earth’s surface and near-surface environment and upset the balance of sustainable development. In turn, due to increasing anthropogenic impact, the geological components which serve as the basic substrate and foundations for all ecosystems, are changed from their natural original state and the relationship between the ‘living tissue and inert nature’ (i.e. relationship between the biosphere and the geosphere) is significantly affected.

This book includes an analysis of the relationship between the different geological, hydrochemical, hydrogeological and engineering-geological processes and the processes within surface ecosystems. The analysis of specific interactions between the lithosphere and biosphere provides an integrated concept of the role of the geological environment in the evolution of the biosphere. The practical significance of the book is reflected by the analysis of modern engineering activity associated with the mining of minerals, excessive groundwater withdrawal, disposal of industrial and domestic wastes (including radioactive wastes) and their impacts on all components of the environment.

Geology and Ecosystems includes a scientific approach to the complex monitoring of the environment under different natural and anthropogenic conditions, including the monitoring of permafrost regions. An important part of the book is the analysis of the "water factor" impact on ecosystems and sustainable development. Influences of intensive groundwater extraction on river flow, vegetation and land subsidence are also considered.

This book is intended as a professional update for environmental scientists, analysts, environmental health care professionals, geologists, ecologists, hydrologists, and other professionals with an interest in the Earth's environments and with environmental protection.

Content Level » Professional/practitioner

Keywords » Permafrost - ecosystem - ecosystems - environment - environmental protection - mining

Related subjects » Ecology - Environmental Toxicology - Geology - Paleoenvironmental Sciences

Table of contents / Sample pages 

Part I. Geological Environment as a Basement for the Formation of Ecosystems: The Contemporary Conceptions on the Geological Environment: Basic Features, Structure and System of Links.- The Geological Environment and Ecosystems.- The Influence of Modern Geological Processes on The Evolution of Ecosystems.- Geological and Geochemical Influences on Estuarine Ecosystems.- The Role Of Tectonic Processes in The Interaction Between Geology and Ecosystems.- Part II. Environmental Impacts of The Extractive Industries: Karst and Ecosystems.- Environmental Aspects of The Exploitation of Mineral Resources.- Groundwater as a Component of The Environment.- Groundwater use and Public Health.- Part III. Anthropogenic Development, Geology and Ecosystems: Ways of Groundwater Pollution Risk Estimation for Ecosystems Sustainability.- Urbanisation and The Geoenvironment.- Assessment of The Discharged Waters Effect Upon Ecosystems.- The Impact of Technogenic Catastrophes on Ecogeological Processes.- Exogenic Geological Processes as A Landforms Shaping Factor.- Part IV. Medical Problems Related to Geology and Ecosystem Interaction: Environmental Aspects Of Groundwater Pollution.- Human Health and Ecosystems.- Part V. Prediction of The Geoenvironmental Evolution of Ecosystems: Medical Ecological Significance of The Water Factor.- Prediction of Exogenic Geological Processes.- Prediction of Endogenic Geological Processes.- Mathematical Models of The Interaction Between The Geological and Ecological Environment.- Part VI. Newest Ecogeological Processes Within River Basins: The Influence of Climate Change on Geology and Ecosystem Interaction.- Ecosystems Monitoring Under Desertification Within Interior See-Lakes And Deltas.- Part VII. Main Directions For Ecogeological Studies: Ecosystems Forming on The Fresh River Deposition.- Ecogeological Mapping.- Monitoring Geological Processes As Part of General Environmental Monitoring.- Geology And High-Level Nuclear Waste Disposal – A BriefOverview.- Monitoring Endogenic Geological Processes.- Permafrost Monitoring.- Ecological Education of Geology Students.

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