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Environmental Sciences - Nature Conservation & Biodiversity | Tidal Marsh Restoration - A Synthesis of Science and Management

Tidal Marsh Restoration

A Synthesis of Science and Management

Roman, Charles T., Burdick, David M. (Eds.)

2012, XVIII, 410 p. 44 illus.


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  • The research studies and management experience of marsh restoration in the New England/Atlantic Canada region are arguably the greatest concentration of information on this subject available, and this book will be the first synthesis and interpretation of this information for a broad professional and academic audience
  • The combination of scientists and practitioners makes the volume particularly valuable for people around the world working on salt marsh restoration
  • The importance of salt marsh ecosystems as biologically productive systems and the relative paucity of available information on effective restoration mean that this book will be of great interest to the target audience

Many coastal tidal marshes have been significantly degraded by roadways and other projects that restrict tidal flows, limiting their ability to provide vital ecosystem services including support of fish and wildlife populations, flood protection, water quality maintenance, and open space.

Tidal Marsh Restoration provides the scientific foundation and practical guidance necessary for coastal zone stewards to initiate salt marsh tidal restoration programs. The book compiles, synthesizes, and interprets the current state of knowledge on the science and practice of salt marsh restoration, bringing together leaders across a range of disciplines in the sciences (hydrology, soils, vegetation, zoology), engineering (hydraulics, modeling), and public policy, with coastal managers who offer an abundance of practical insight and guidance on the development of programs.

The work presents in-depth information from New England and Atlantic Canada, where the practice of restoring tidal flow to salt marshes has been ongoing for decades, and shows how that experience can inform restoration efforts around the world. Students and researchers involved in restoration science will find the technical syntheses, presentation of new concepts, and identification of research needs to be especially useful as they formulate research and monitoring questions, and interpret research findings.

Tidal Marsh Restoration is an essential work for managers, planners, regulators, environmental and engineering consultants, and others engaged in planning, designing, and implementing projects or programs aimed at restoring tidal flow to tide-restricted or diked salt marshes.

Content Level » Professional/practitioner

Keywords » Ecological restoration - Tidal marsh - Vegetation - Zoology

Related subjects » Animal Sciences - Ecology - Monitoring & Environmental Analysis - Nature Conservation & Biodiversity

Table of contents 


W. Gregory Hood and Charles A. Simenstad


PART I. Introduction

Chapter 1. A Synthesis of Research and Practice on Restoring Tides to Salt Marshes

Charles T. Roman and David M. Burdick

PART II. Synthesis of Tidal Restoration Science

Chapter 2. Predicting the Hydrologic Response of Salt Marshes to Tidal Restoration: The Science and Practice of Hydraulic Modeling

James G. MacBroom and Roy Schiff

Chapter 3. Biogeochemical Responses to Tidal Restoration

Shimon C. Anisfeld

Chapter 4. Vegetation Responses to Tidal Restoration

Stephen M. Smith and R. Scott Warren

Chapter 5. Ecology of Phragmites australis and Responses to Tidal Restoration

Randolph M. Chambers, Laura A. Meyerson, and Kimberly L. Dibble

Chapter 6. A Meta-analysis of Nekton Responses to Restoration of Tide-Restricted New England Salt Marshes

Kenneth B. Raposa and Drew M. Talley

Chapter 7. Avian Community Responses to Tidal Restoration along the North Atlantic Coast of North America

W. Gregory Shriver and Russell Greenberg

PART III. The Practice of Restoring Tide-Restricted Marshes

Chapter 8. Restoration of Tidal Flow to Degraded TidalWetlands in Connecticut

Ron Rozsa

Chapter 9. Salt Marsh Restoration in Rhode Island

Caitlin Chaffee, Wenley Ferguson, and Marci Cole Ekberg

Chapter 10. Restoration of Tidal Flow to Salt Marshes: The Massachusetts Experience

Hunt Durey, Timothy Smith, and Marc Carullo

Chapter 11. Restoration of Tidal Flow to Salt Marshes: The New Hampshire Experience

Ted Diers and Frank D. Richardson

Chapter 12. Restoration of Tidal Flow to Salt Marshes: The Maine Experience

Jon Kachmar and Elizabeth Hertz

Chapter 13. Salt Marsh Tidal Restoration in Canada’s Maritime Provinces

Tony M. Bowron, Nancy Neatt, Danika van Proosdij, and Jeremy Lundholm

PART IV. Integrating Science and Practice

Chapter 14. Adaptive Management and Monitoring as Fundamental Tools to Effective Salt Marsh Restoration

Robert N. Buchsbaum and Cathleen Wigand

Chapter 15. Recovering Salt Marsh Ecosystem Services through Tidal Restoration

Gail L. Chmura, David M. Burdick, and Gregg E. Moore

Chapter 16. Role of Simulation Models in Understanding the Salt Marsh Restoration Process

Raymond A. Konisky

Chapter 17. Incorporating Innovative Engineering Solutions into Tidal Restoration Studies

William C. Glamore

PART V. Communicating Restoration Science

Chapter 18. Salt Marsh Restoration at Cape Cod National Seashore, Massachusetts: The Role of Science in Addressing Societal Concerns

John W. Portnoy

Chapter 19. Drakes Island Tidal Restoration: Science, Community, and Compromise

Susan C. Adamowicz and Kathleen M. O’Brien

Chapter 20. Role of Science and Partnerships in Salt Marsh Restoration at the Galilee Bird Sanctuary, Narragansett, Rhode Island

Francis C. Golet, Dennis H. A. Myshrall, Lawrence R. Oliver, Peter W. C. Paton, and Brian C. Tefft

Chapter 21. Restoration of Tidally Restricted Salt Marshes at Rumney Marsh, Massachusetts: Balancing Flood Protection with Restoration by Use of Self-Regulating Tide Gates

Edward L. Reiner

PART VI. Summary

Chapter 22. Salt Marsh Responses to Tidal Restriction and Restoration: A Summary of Experiences

David M. Burdick and Charles T. Roman

About the editors and contributors


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