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Environmental Sciences - Nature Conservation & Biodiversity | Legitimacy in European Nature Conservation Policy - Case Studies in Multilevel Governance

Legitimacy in European Nature Conservation Policy

Case Studies in Multilevel Governance

Keulartz, Jozef, Leistra, Gilbert (Eds.)

2008, XVI, 284 p.

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  • Integrates knowledge on a major piece of European policy (nature conservation policy) in a reflexive and comprehensive manner
  • Combines theories of governance with theories of legitimacy
  • Brings together empirical case studies and critical commentaries

This volume focuses on the issue of legitimacy in the context of European nature conservation policy. It provides insights in the way in which democratic legitimacy is being ‘produced’ at different levels of governance. Building forth upon recent developments in democracy theory that have identified multiple forms of legitimacy, the volume observes a EU-wide shift from output legitimacy to input and throughput legitimacy. Top down policy making is increasingly meeting

local resistance. As a result, the importance for policy makers of enhancing the democratic legitimacy of their policy plans has increased. The popularity of deliberative decision-making procedures can be seen as a procedural answer to this state of affairs.

For this volume scholars from within the EU were invited to reflect upon the question whether similar developments are taking place in the context with which they are most familiar. Do they perceive a delegitimation of top down policy making and hence an increasing emphasis on procedural legitimacy in processes of nature conservation policy implementation? Which model of democratic decision-making is most helpful to solve the issue of legitimacy in the field of nature conservation policy? How important are national traditions and institutions? What are the tradeoffs between the different types of legitimacy?

Nine case studies are presented: two case studies on protected species (geese in the Netherlands, and the great cormorant in Denmark, France and Italy), four case studies that zoom in on specific protected areas (in Spain, Finland, Poland and the UK), and three case studies with a focus on the implementation of Natura 2000 at the country level (Belgium, France and Germany). These case studies are followed by extensive comments.

Content Level » Professional/practitioner

Keywords » European policy - biodiversity - biosphere - environment - interactive policy-making - multilevel governance - nature conservation - politics

Related subjects » Ecology - Geography - Nature Conservation & Biodiversity - Political Science

Table of contents 

PART 1: INTRODUCTION Chapter 1: European Nature Conservation Policy Making From Substantive to Procedural Sources of Legitimacy Ewald Engelen, Jozef Keulartz & Gilbert Leistra PART 2: COUNTRIES Chapter 2: Endangered Legitimacy Nature Policy in Flanders: Messy Participation Strategies Dirk Bogaert & Pieter Leroy Chapter 3: Nature Policy in Flanders Messy Participation or Unfavourable circumstances? Comments by Erik van Zadelhoff Chapter 4: Between European Injunction and Local Consultation Analyzing the Territorialization Process for a Public Nature Conservation Initiative in France Florence Pinton Chapter 5: The Local Implementation of Nature Policy Deliberative Democracy or Interest Politics? Comments by Henk van den Belt Chapter 6: Legitimacy of Biodiversity Policies in a Multi-Level Setting The Case of Germany Markus Leibenath Chapter 7: Are Conflicts of Nature Distributive Conflicts? Comments by Michiel Korthals PART 3: PROTECTED AREAS Chapter 8: Creation of a Bottom-up Nature Conservation Policy in Poland The Case of the West Polesie Biosphere Reserve Tadeusz J. Chmielewski & Jaroslaw Krogulec Chapter 9: Nature Conservation in Poland and the Netherlands Bottom-up or Bottom Line? Comments by Henny van der Windt Chapter 10:Legitimacy Problems in Spanish Nature Policy The case of Donana Susana Aguilar Fernandez Chapter 11: How to Deal With Legitimacy in Nature Conservation Policy? Comments by Jan van Tatenhove Chapter 12: Resistance to Top-down Conservation Policy and the Search for New Participatory Models The Case of Bergö-Malax´ Outer Archipelago in Finland Susanna Björkell Chapter 13: Visions and Scales of Nature and Society in Nature Management Comments by Jacques Swart Chapter 14: Conservation in Context: A View from Below Implementation of Conservation Policies on the North York Moors Elizabeth Oughton & Jane Wheelock Chapter 15: Towards governance and procedural sources of legitimacy? Comments by Marielle van der Zouwen PART 4: PROTECTED SPECIES Chapter 16: Wintering Geese in the Netherlands… Legitimate Policy? Gilbert Leistra, Jozef Keulartz & Ewald Engelen Chapter 17: Vindicating Arrogant Ecologists Comments by Wim Dubbink Chapter 18: Legitimacy of Species Management The Great Cormorant in the EU Felix Rauschmayer & Vivien Behrens Chapter 19: Animal Governance The Cormorant Case Comments by Hub Zwart PART 5: CONCLUSIONS Chapter 20: European Union Environmental Policy and Natura 2000 From Adoption to Revision Rüdiger Wurzel

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