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Environmental Sciences - Monitoring & Environmental Analysis | Lichens to Biomonitor the Environment

Lichens to Biomonitor the Environment

Shukla, Vertika, D.K., Upreti, Bajpai, Rajesh

2014, X, 185 p. 40 illus., 32 illus. in color.

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  • The book is visually rich with many coloured photographs and line diagrams of the lichens supporting the text
  • The book gives the key for identification of various lichen species
  • Role of lichens in monitoring pollution, a significant problem of recent times, is discussed in detail
  • The book focuses on the specific role of lichens in air quality management and sustainable development​
The book embodies the detailed account about unique symbionts i.e. LICHENS in ecosystem monitoring. The first chapter deals with unique characteristics features of lichens which facilitate their survival in extreme climates and makes them an ideal organism for ecosystem monitoring. Biosynthesis of secondary metabolites are known to protect lichens against increasing environmental stresses therefore second chapter provides insight into various chromatographic and modern spectroscopic techniques involved in separation and characterization of lichen substances. The third chapter elaborates the criteria for selection of biomonitoring species and characters of host plant that influences lichen diversity and details about different lichen species utilized for biomonitoring. One can retrieve preliminary information about the air quality based on the lichen community structure and distribution of bioindicator species as lichen communities/indicator species provides valuable information about the natural/anthropogenic induced changes in the microclimate and land-use changes due to human activity. Therefore, for identification of species, a key to genera and species provides concise information to identify the lichen species based on their morphological and anatomical characters and chemicals present. Keys provided in Chapter 4 will help the beginners to identify some common lichen species based on the distribution in different climatic zones of India. The section also provides comprehensive information about the bioindicator communities and bioindicator species from India. Chapter 5 provides the details of factors affecting the ecosystem (natural as well as anthropogenic disturbances) and role of lichens in ecosystem monitoring in India has been discussed in detail. Chapter 6 discusses the need and utility of indicator species especially lichen biomonitoring data in sustainable forest management and conservation. The content about lichens in biomonitoring will be a valuable resource for researchers from different fields and will provide an essential reference for people interested in lichens and its role in ecosystem monitoring. The book will also hopefully popularize lichenological studies in India and will generate more active participation of lichen biomonitoring studies in management and conservation of natural resources in India.

Content Level » Research

Keywords » Air quality - Bioindicator - Biomonitoring - Pollution - Sustainable development

Related subjects » Ecology - Monitoring & Environmental Analysis - Plant Sciences - Pollution and Remediation

Table of contents 

1. Introduction.- 1.1 About lichens.- 1.2 Development and establishment.- 1.3 Role of lichens in soil establishment and biodeterioration.- 1.4 Effect of microclimatic condition on lichen diversity.- References.- 2. Secondary metabolites and its isolation & characterization .- 2.1 Environmental role of lichen substances.- 2.2 Biosynthetic pathways of lichen secondary metabolites.- 2.3 Isolation and modern spectroscopic techniques involved in characterization of lichen substances.- References.- 3. Selection of biomonitoring species.- 3.1 Criteria for selection of biomonitoring species .- 3.2 Biomonitoring species (world and India).- 3.3 Host plants for lichen colonization.- References.- 4. Toxitolerant lichens in different lichenogeographical regions of India.- 4.1. Distribution and diversity of widespread and rare lichen species in different lichenogeographical regions along with its pollution sensitivity.- 4.2. Key for identification of toxitolerant lichens in different lichenogeographical regions.- 4.3 Bioindicator lichen communities/species.- References.- 5. Ecosystem monitoring.- 5.1 Natural and human disturbances/disasters .- 5.1.1 Heavy metal.- 5.1.2 Arsenic (Metalloids).- 5.1.3 Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs).- 5.1.4 Radionuclides.- 5.1.5 Climate Change.- 5.1.6 Assessment of paleoclimatic conditions (Lichenometry).- 5.1.7 Loss of Biodiversity.- 5.2 Solely human disturbances/disasters (Economic development).- 5.2.1 Urbanisation, Expanding cities and Industrialization.- 5.2.2 Power plants.- 5.2.3 Persistent organic pollutants (POPs).- 5.2.4 Peroxyacyl nitrates (PAN).- 5.2.5 Ozone (O3).- 5.2.6 Increasing Tourism.- References .- 6. Management and conservational approaches.- References.- 7. Glossary.

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