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Environmental Sciences - Monitoring & Environmental Analysis | Small-scale Freshwater Toxicity Investigations - Volume 2 - Hazard Assessment Schemes

Small-scale Freshwater Toxicity Investigations

Volume 2 - Hazard Assessment Schemes

Blaise, Christian, Férard, Jean-François (Eds.)

2005, XVIII, 422 p.

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Developed, developing and emerging economies worldwide are collectively contributing multiple stresses on aquatic ecosystems by the release of numerous contaminants. This in turn demands that basic toxicological information on their potential to harm living species be available. Hence, environmental protection programs aimed at preserving water quality must have access to comprehensive toxicity screening tools and strategies that can be applied reliably and universally. While a good number of toxicity testing procedures and hazard assessment approaches have been published in the scientific literature over the past decades, many are wanting in that insufficient detail is available for users to be able to fully understand the test method or scheme and to be able to reproduce it successfully. Even standardized techniques published in recognized international standard organization documents are often lacking in thoroughness and minutiae. Paucity of information relating to biological test methods may be consequent and trigger several phenomena including generation of invalid data and resulting toxicity measurements, erroneous interpretation and decision-taking with regards to a particular chemical or environmental issue, or simply abandonment of testing procedures. Clearly, improperly documented toxicity testing methods can be detrimental to their promotion and use, as they open the doorway to unnecessary debate and criticism as to their raison d’être. Furthermore, this situation can indirectly contribute to delaying, minimizing or eliminating their application, thereby curtailing the important role toxicity testing plays in the overall protection and conservation of aquatic ecosystems.

Content Level » Research

Keywords » Freshwater environments - Hazard assessment - Liquid media - Solid media - Toxicity testing - amines - ecology - hazard - pollution - toxicity - toxicology

Related subjects » Ecology - Environmental Toxicology - Monitoring & Environmental Analysis - Pollution and Remediation - Water Quality, Pollution and Health

Table of contents 

Part 1. Introduction. Overview of contemporary toxicity testing; C. Blaise and J.-F. Férard, editors Part 2. Hazard Assessment Schemes with the Batteries of Bioassays. Hazard assessment of liquid media. Chapter 1. Effluent assessment with the PEEP (Potential Ecotoxic Effects Probe) index; C. Blaise and J.-F. Férard Chapter 2. A multitest index of effluent toxicity by PLS regression; É. Vindimian Chapter 3. The pT-method as a Hazard Assessment Scheme for wastewaters; F. Krebs Chapter 4. Strategies for monitoring environmental effects of industrial effluents; R.P. Scroggins, A.I. Borgmann, J.A. Miller and M.J. Moody Chapter 5. Overview of toxicity reduction and identification evaluation for use with small-scale tests; L.J. Novak and K.E. Holtze Chapter 6. Determination of the heavy metal binding capacity (HMBC) of environmental samples; G. Bitton, M. Ward and R. Dagan Chapter 7. The application of Hazard Assessment Schemes using the Watertox toxicity testing battery; A. Ronco, G. Castillo, M.C. Díaz-Baez, G. Bulus Rossini, C. Sobrero, C. Apartin, A. Espinosa Ramírez, I. Ahumada and J. Mendoza Hazard assessment of solid media. Chapter 8. The SED-TOX Index for Toxicity Assessment of contaminated solid matrices; M. Bombardier Chapter 9. The pT-method as a Hazard Assessment Scheme for sediments and dredged material; F. Krebs Chapter 10. Using the Sediment Quality Triad (SQT) in ecological risk assessment; P.M. Chapman and B.G. McDonald Chapter 11. Wastoxhas: a bioanalytical strategy for solid wastes assessment; J.-F. Férard and B.Ferrari

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Distribution rights for India: Researchco Book Centre, New Delhi, India

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