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Environmental Sciences - Global Change - Climate Change | Broad Scale Coastal Simulation - New Techniques to Understand and Manage Shorelines in the Third

Broad Scale Coastal Simulation

New Techniques to Understand and Manage Shorelines in the Third Millennium

Nicholls, Robert J., Dawson, Richard J., Day, Sophie A. (Eds.)

2015, XV, 360 p. 95 illus., 45 illus. in color. With online files/update.

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  • About this book

  • A stepwise guide to the integrated assessment of coastal areas
  • Breadth of perspective applicable to global strategic coastal management
  • Includes the first quantitative assessment of the relationship between the risks of erosion and flooding
  • Real case studies deployed as examples of applied methods
  • Synthesizes lessons at both national and international levels

This volume details research underpinning the ‘Coastal Simulator’ developed by the Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research. The Simulator provides a framework to analyze long term coastal evolution taking account of all the relevant factors. These include the uncertain future climate and other conditions, such as land use change and allows evaluation of diverse management responses.

Coastal zones exemplify the environmental pressures we face: their beauty attracts settlement, they offer potential for diverse economic activities, and they are sensitive natural habitats for important species, as well as providing a range of ecosystem services. They are also extremely vulnerable to the vicissitudes of climate change, which include rising sea levels and changes in extreme events such as storms. With large populations living in coastal and estuarine cities facing the ongoing threat of inundation, coordinated management is essential, especially as coastal zones form a linked system in which piecemeal, uncoordinated management could be counterproductive.

The Simulator’s current detailed application to the Norfolk coast goes from global climate modelling and broad socio-economic change to the details of evolving coastal habitats, coastal erosion and coastal flood risk and their societal implications. This framework reflects the work of a multi-disciplinary team of key players who analysed these diverse factors in a coherent and integrated manner. The book offers a compelling synthesis of the lessons learned so far at national and international levels, drawing on the expertise of policy makers as well as respected figures in the field.

Content Level » Research

Keywords » Climate Change - Coastal - Erosion - Flooding - Integrated Assessment Modelling

Related subjects » Civil Engineering - Earth System Sciences - Geography - Global Change - Climate Change - Information Systems and Applications

Table of contents 

Chapter 1 - The Challenge for Coastal Management During the Third Millennium


1.1 Introduction

1.2 Coastal Management in the Third Millennium: The Need for an Integrated Response

1.3 Conceptualizing and Designing a Coastal Simulator

1.4 Scenarios for Coastal Assessment

1.5 The Study Sites

1.6 Conclusions and Next Steps




Chapter 2 - Climate Downscaling: Local Mean Sea-Level, Surge and Wave Modelling


2.1 Introduction

2.2. Regional Scale Variability in Climate and Sea Level

2.3. Storms in the Present and Future Climate

2.4. Model Forcing from Hadley Centre Climate Model

2.5. Surge and Wave Models and the Downscaling Methodology

2.6. Model Results for Future Climate Scenarios

2.7. Conclusions and Next Steps




Chapter 3 - Broad-Scale Hydrodynamic Simulation, Wave Transformation and Sediment Pathways


3.1 Introduction

3.2 Methodology for Transferring Waves and Surge Towards the Coastline and Assessing Residual Sediment Transport

3.3 Changes in Inshore Waves Due to Climate Change and Sea Level Rise        

3.4 Influence of Sea Level Rise on Sediment Pathways

3.5. Conclusions and Next Steps



Chapter 4 – Land Use Dynamics and Coastal Management


4.1. Introduction

4.2. Modelling Land Use Change in Coastal Areas

4.2.1 Challenges

4.2.2 Spatial Dynamic Modelling: Some Principles

4.2.3 Socio-Economic Storylines

4.3. Translating Socio-Economic Storylines with an Algorithm-Based Approach

4.4. Translating Socio-Economic Storylines with A Choice-Based Approach

4.5. Conclusions and Next Steps



Chapter 5 - Evaluating Broad-Scale Morphological Change in the Coastal Zone Using a Logic Based Behavioural Systems Approach


1.1 Introduction

1.2 Capturing Current Knowledge and Understanding

1.3 Illustrative Application to the East Anglian Coast, UK

1.4 Benefits of a Qualitative Deductive Assessment

1.5 Conclusions and Next Steps



Chapter 6 – Coastal Wetland Habitats: Future Challenges and Potential Solutions        


6.1 Introduction       

6.2 The Tyndall Simulator Approach

6.3 Conclusions and Next Steps 



Chapter 7 – Simulating the Shore and Cliffs of North Norfolk


7.1 Introduction       

7.2 Description of the Coast         

7.3 Model Construction     

7.4 Future Climate Change and Coastal Management                       

7.5 Results   

7.6 Conclusions and Next Steps 



Chapter 8 – Broad Scale Coastal Inundation Modelling


8.1 Introduction       

8.2 Approaches to Coastal Inundation Modelling        

8.3 Application to North Norfolk   

8.4 Conclusions and Next Steps 




Chapter 9 – Broad Scale Flood and Erosion Risk Analysis


Chapter 10 – Visualising Potential Coastal Change: Communicating Results Using Visualisation Techniques  


10.1 Introduction – Challenges Associated with Communicating and Visualising Coastal Change     

10.2 The Coastal Simulator – Visualisation Approach(Es)     

10.3 Exploring Coastal Futures – Testing the Visualisations in Coastal Decision-Making and Stakeholder Engagement 

10.4 Conclusions and Next Steps           



Chapter 11 – The Coastal Simulator Interface: Integration and Application


Chapter 12 – Many Stakeholders, Multiple Perspectives: Long-Term Planning for a Future Coast


12.1 Introduction     

12.2 The Challenges of a Changeable Coast: North Norfolk, UK     

12.3 Stakeholder Engagement in the Development of the Tyndall Coastal Simulator                  

12.4 Shifting Sands: Lessons Learned for Managing a Changing Coast   

12.5 Conclusions and Next Steps           



Chapter 13 – Living with Uncertainty: Difficult Choices for Coastal Management in the UK During the Third Millennium     


13.1 Introduction     

13.2 Re-Visiting the Response to the 1953 Event        

13.3 How the Simulator Approach Helps Improve Coastal Management    

13.4 The Process of Developing a Coastal Simulator: What Have We Learnt?      

13.5 Key Lessons for UK Coastal Management: Transferring the Simulator for Wider Application        

13.6 Key Lessons for Researchers and Research Funders to Develop UK Coastal Simulator Capacity           



Chapter 14 – Generic Lessons for Coastal Management in the Third Millennium


14.1 Introduction     

14.2 Key Threats, Opportunities and Priorities for Adaptation and Development in Coastal Areas in the Next 5 Decades       

14.3 Transference of Methods and the Wider Lessons for the International Community

14.4 Coastal Management for the Third Millennium – A Manifesto for Research, Development and Collaboration           


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