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Environmental Sciences - Global Change - Climate Change | Climate of the Southeast United States - Variability, Change, Impacts, and Vulnerability

Climate of the Southeast United States

Variability, Change, Impacts, and Vulnerability

Ingram, K.T., Dow, K., Carter, L., Anderson, J. (Eds.)

2013, XIV, 341 p. 74 illus.

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  • An essential guidance for decision-makers seeking to better understand how climate variability and change impact the southeast region and its communities
  • Rich in science and case studies, this report sets the stage for making the necessary preparations for climate change
  • The definitive input report on climate change in southeast region of the 2013 National Climate Assessment Critical, state-of-the-art information from a broad range of climate change experts in academia, private industry, state and local governments, NGOs, professional societies and impacted communities

Prepared for the 2013 National Climate Assessment and a landmark study in terms of its breadth and depth of coverage,Climate of the Southeast United States is the result of a collaboration among three Regional Integrated Sciences and Assessments Centers: the Southeast Climate Consortium; the Carolinas Regional Sciences and Assessments; and the Southern Climate Impacts Planning Program; with contributions from numerous local, state, federal, and nongovernmental agencies to develop a comprehensive, state of the art look at the effects of climate change in the region. 

The book summarizes the scientific literature with respect to climate impacts on the Southeast United States, including 11 southern states to the east of the Mississippi River, Puerto Rico, and the US Virgin Islands; reviews the historic climate, current climate, and the projected future climate of the region; and describes interactions with important sectors of the Southeast and cross-sectoral issues, namely climate change mitigation, adaptation, and education and outreach.

Rich in science and case studies, it examines the latest climate change impacts, scenarios, vulnerabilities, and adaptive capacity and offers decision makers and stakeholders a substantial basis from which to make informed choices that will affect the well-being of the region’s inhabitants in the decades to come.

Content Level » Lower undergraduate

Keywords » Climate change impacts - Coastal wetlands - Historic, current, future climate - Southeast US - U.S. National Climate Assessment

Related subjects » Agriculture - Climate Change Impact - Climate Change Management and Policy - Environmental Health & Public Health - Global Change - Climate Change

Table of contents 

Acknowledgements

Chapter 1

Climate Change in the Southeast USA: Executive Summary

1.1 Diversity and Vulnerabilities

1.2 Time-scales of Interest to Southeast Decision Makers

1.3 Future Scenarios

1.4 Process for Developing this Book

1.5 Report Organization

1.6 References

Chapter 2

Climate of the Southeast USA: Past, Present, and Future

2.1 General Description

2.2 Extreme Events

2.3 Trends

2.4 Future Projections

2.5 References

Chapter 3

Human Health and Climate Change in the Southeast USA

3.1 Climate Change and Human Health

3.2 Heat and Cold

3.3 Air Quality Effects on Respiratory and Airway Diseases

3.4 Storms, Extreme Weather, and Sea Level Rise

3.5 Harmful Algal Blooms and Marine Toxins

3.6 Vector-borne and Zoonotic Disease

3.7 Water Quality and Quantity

3.8 Human Migration and Displacement and Healthcare Disruption

3.9 References

Chapter 4

Energy Production, Use, and Vulnerability to Climate Change in the Southeast USA

4.1 Status and Outlook for Energy Production and Use in the Southeast

4.2 Impact of Climate Change on Energy Supply and Demand in the Southeast

4.3 Key Issues and Uncertainties

4.4 References

Chapter 5

Climate Interactions with the Built Environment in the Southeast USA

5.1 Background

5.2 Air Quality

<5.3 The Urban Heat Island Effect

5.4 Effects on Precipitation

5.5 Effects on the Wild Land-Urban Interface (WUI)

5.6 Vulnerability and Risks to Tourism

5.7 Impacts on Energy, Poverty, and Socioeconomic Vulnerability

5.8 Impacts on National Security

5.9 Impacts on Urban Migration

5.10 Impacts on Coastal Environments

5.11 Summary of Climate Change Impacts on the Built Environment

5.12 References

Chapter 6

Climate Change and Transportation in the Southeast USA

6.1 Evaluation of Southeast Transportation Systems

6.2 Climate Change and Transportation Infrastructure

6.3 Impacts of Climate Change on Transportation Systems

6.4 Conclusions

6.5 References

Chapter 7

Agriculture and Climate Change in the Southeast USA

7.1 Agriculture in the Southeast USA

7.2 Climate Sensitivities and Vulnerabilities

7.3 Adaptation to Climate Change and Variability in the Southeast USA

7.4 Assessment and Research Needs

7.5 References

Chapter 8

Forests and Climate Change in the Southeast USA

8.1 Historical Perspective

8.2 Southeastern Forest Types

8.3 Changes in Forest Type Across the South

8.4 Current and Projected Forest Stresses

8.5 Ecosystem Services

8.6 Adaptation and Mitigation Options

8.7 Conclusions

8.8 References

Chapter 9

Effects of Climate Change on Fisheries and Aquaculture in the Southeast USA

9.1 Background

9.2 Climate Change Effects

9.3 Complicating Factors

9.4 Adaptation and Mitigation

9.5 Research Needs

9.6 References

Chapter 10

Impacts of Climate Change and Variability on Water Resources in the Southeast USA

10.1 Water Resources in the Southeast

10.2 Key Constraints to Water Resources in the Southeast

10.3 Historical Climate Trends

10.4 Uncertainty in Predicting Future Climate and Hydrologic Impacts

10.5 Water Resources Impacts of Climate Change

10.6 Mitigation and Adaptation Options

10.7 References

Chapter 11

The Effects of Climate Change on Natural Ecosystems of the Southeast USA

11.1 Background

11.2 Southeastern Freshwater Aquatic Ecosystems

11.3 Southeastern Savannas

11.4 Southeastern Freshwater Marshes and Swamps

11.5 Southeastern Tidal Marshes and Swamps

11.6 Coral Reefs of the Southeast USA

11.7 Summary

11.8 References

Chapter 12

Mitigation of Greenhouse Gases in the Southeast USA

12.1 Definitions

12.2 Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Sinks in the Southeast

12.3 GHG Emission Reduction Activities

12.4 Research Needs and Uncertainties

12.5 References

Chapter 13

Climate Adaptations in the Southeast USA

13.1 Definition of Adaptation

13.2 Major Stresses on the Southeast

13.3 Adaptation in the Southeast

13.4 Supporting Adaptive Capacity

13.5 Summary

13.6 References

Chapter 14

Southeast USA Regional Climate Extension, Outreach, Education, and Training

14.1 Why Climate Education Is an Essential Part of Climate Science

14.2 A Starting Point for Climate Education: Climate versus Weather

14.3 Context for Climate Extension, Outreach, Education, and Training

14.4 Delivery Methods

14.5 Program Integration

14.6 Barriers to Extension, Outreach, Education, and Training Regarding Climate Change

14.7 Ongoing Education, Outreach, Extension, and Training Programs

14.8 Conclusions

14.9 References.

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