Concerns about the effects of global climate change have focused attention on the vulnerability of circumpolar regions. Long-term historical data are needed to better understand the magnitude and direction of environmental change related to both natural and anthropogenic causes, as well as to assess patterns of natural variability. The paucity of instrumental data requires that proxy methods be used. The abundance of lakes throughout the Arctic and Antarctic makes paleolimnological approaches especially powerful tools to assist interpretations of environmental change.
This book provides a synthesis of the broad spectrum of techniques available for generating long-term environmental records from circumpolar lakes. It also provides overviews of the geographic extent of paleolimnological work completed thus far in these regions. It explores the diverse ways in which paleolimnology is used to address the pressing and emerging environmental issues of high-latitude regions. By providing both an introduction and in-depth reviews, this volume is of interest to students and advanced researchers alike who are studying earth, atmospheric and environmental sciences.
1. Paleolimnological research in polar regions: An introduction. Reinhard Pienitz, Marianne S.V. Douglas and John P. Smol 2. Geochronology of high latitude lake sediments. Alexander P. Wolfe, Gifford H. Miller, Carrie A. Olsen, Steven L. Forman, Peter T. Doran and Sofia U. Holmgren 3. Physical and chemical properties and proxies of high latitude lake sediments. Scott F. Lamoureux and Robert Gilbert 4. Palynology of North American arctic lakes. Konrad Gajewski and Glen M. MacDonald 5. Algal indicators of environmental change in arctic and antarctic lakes and ponds. Marianne S.V. Douglas, Paul B. Hamilton, Reinhard Pienitz and John P. Smol 6. Aquatic invertebrates and high latitude paleolimnology. Ole Bennike, Klaus P. Brodersen, Erik Jeppesen and Ian R. Walker 7. Use of water isotope tracers in high latitude hydrology and paleohydrology. Thomas W.D. Edwards, Brent B. Wolfe, John J. Gibson and Dan Hammarlund 8. Lake sediments as records of arctic and antarctic pollution. Derek C.G. Muir and Neil L. Rose 9. Paleolimnology of the middle and high Canadian Arctic. Alexander P. Wolfe and I. Rod Smith 10. Paleolimnology of the North American Subarctic. Bruce P. Finney, Kathleen Rühland, John P. Smol and Marie-Andrée Fallu 11. Holocene paleolimnology of Greenland and the North Atlantic islands (north of 60°N). N. John Anderson, David B. Ryves, Marianne Grauert and Suzanne McGowan 12. Paleolimnological research from northern Russian Eurasia. Glen M. MacDonald, Thomas W.D. Edwards, Bruce Gervais, Tamsin E. Laing, Michael F.J. Pisaric, David F. Porinchu, Jeffrey A. Snyder, Nadia Solovieva, Pavel Tarasov and Brent B. Wolfe 13. Paleolimnological studies in arctic Fennoscandia and the Kola Peninsula (Russia).Atte Korhola and Jan Weckström 14. Paleolimnological studies from the Antarctic and subantarctic islands. Dominic A. Hodgson, Peter T. Doran, Donna Roberts and Andrew McMinn 15. Paleolimnology of extreme cold terrestrial and extraterrestrial environments. Peter T. Doran, John C. Priscu, W. Berry Lyons, Ross D. Powell, Dale T. Andersen and Robert J. Poreda 16. Epilogue: Paleolimnological research from arctic and antarctic regions. Reinhard Pienitz, Marianne S.V. Douglas and John P. Smol