This book provides a major synthesis of evidence for past climate variability at the regional and continental scale across Europe and Africa. It focuses on two complementary time-scales, the Holocene (approximately the last 11,500 years) and the last glacial-interglacial cycle (approximately the last 130,000 years). An overview of the climate system of the past has never been attempted before on this scale, and, as such, the volume represents a benchmark for future research.
It is written by an expert group of climate change scientists and presents an insight into past climate variability that challenges climatologists who seek to explain climate dynamics of the past and provides climate modellers with a work of reference for data-model comparison. The book is an advanced but very readable text essential for all students and scientists interested in global environmental change.
1. Introduction; F. Gasse and R.W. Battarbee 2. Archives and Proxies along the PEP III Transect; F. Oldfield and R. Thompson 3. Oceanic Climate Variability at Millennial Time-Scales: Models of Climate Connections; L. Vidal and H. Arz 4. Between Agulhas and Benguela: responses of Southern African climates of the Late Pleistocene to current fluxes, orbital precession and the extent of the Circum-Antarctic vortex; T.C. Partridge, L. Scott and R.R. Schneider 5. Holocene climatic trends and rhythms in southern Africa; L. Scott and J.A. Lee-Thorp 6. Diatom productivity in Northern Lake Malawi during the past 25,000 years: implications for the position of the intertropical convergence zone at millennial and shorter time scales; T.C. Johnson, E.T. Brown, and J. McManus 7. Late Quaternary climatic variability in intertropical Africa; P. Barker, M.R. Talbot, F.A. Street-Perrott, F. Marret, J. Scourse and E. Odada 8. Decadal and century-scale climate variability in tropical Africa during the past 2000 years; D. Verschuren 9. Late Quaternary climate changes in the Horn of Africa; M. Umer, D. Legesse, F. Gasse, R. Bonnefille, H.F. Lamb, M.J. Leng and A. Lamb 10. Palaeoenvironments, palaeoclimates and landscape development in Atlantic Equatorial Africa: a review of key sites covering the last 25 kyrs; H. Elenga, J. Maley, A. Vincens and I. Farrera 11. Aspects of Nigerian coastal vegetation in the Holocene: some recent insights; M.A. Sowunmi 12. Palaeoenvironmental changes in the arid and sub arid belt (Sahara-Sahel-Arabian Peninsula) from 150 kyr to present; P. Hoelzmann, F.Gasse, L.M. Dupont, U. Salzmann, M. Staubwasser, D C. Leuschner and F. Sirocko 13. Historical chronology of ENSO and the Nile flood record; L. Ortlieb 14. Groundwater as an archive of climatic and environmental change: Europe to Africa; W.M. Edmunds, A. Dodo, D. Djoret, F. Gasse, C.B. Gaye, I.B. Goni, Y. Travi, K. Zouari and G.M. Zuppi 15. Mediterranean Sea palaeohydrology and pluvial periods during the Late Quaternary; N. Kallel, J. Duplessy, L. Labeyrie, M. Fontugne and M. Paterne 16. Palaeoenvironmental changes in the Mediterranean region 250-10 kyr BP; D. Magri, N. Kallel and B. Narcisi 17. Holocene climate, environment and cultural change in the circum-Mediterranean region; N. Roberts, A.C. Stevenson, B. Davis, R. Cheddadi, S. Brewer and A. Rosen 18. Speleothems as palaeoclimate indicators, a case study from Soreq Cave located in the Eastern Mediterranean Region, Israel; M. Bar-Matthews and A. Ayalon 19. Climatic and environmental variability in the Mid-Latitude Europe sector during the last interglacial-glacial cycle; J.J. Vandenberghe, J.J. Lowe, R. Coope, T. Litt and L. Zöller 20. Atlantic to Urals – the Holocene climatic record of Mid-Latitude Europe; K. Barber, B. Zolitschka, P. Tarasov and A.F. Lotter 21. Climate variability during the last interglacial-glacial cycle in NW Eurasia; M. Saarnisto and J.P. Lunkka 22. Holocene climate dynamics in Fennoscandia and the North Atlantic; I. Snowball, A. Korhola, K.R. Briffa and N. Koç 23. Recent developments in Holocene climate modelling; H. Renssen, P. Braconnot, S.F.B. Tett, H. Von Storch and S.L. Weber 24. Evaluation of PMIP coupled ocean-atmosphere simulations of the Mid-Holocene; P. Braconnot, S.P. Harrison, S. Joussaume, C.D. Hewitt, A. Kitoch, J. E. Kutzback, Z. Liu, B. Otto-Bliesner, J. Syktus and S.L.N. Weber 25. Famine, climate and crisis in Western Uganda; P. Robertshaw, D. Taylor, S. Doyle and R. Marchant 26. Palaeo-research in Africa: relevance to