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The interaction between environmental change and human activities is com plex, requiring the concepts and tools of a number of disciplines for its effective analysis. Land-use and land-cover change has only recently become a topic susceptible to scientific research, as these concepts and tools have been devel oped and made available. Rooted in a broad community concemed with global change, systematic research has begun into land-use systems at different scales and interactions, and their links with global cyc1es of water, nitrogen and carbon are being explored. Partly based on research initiated by the Dutch National Research Programme on Global Air PolIution and Climate Change (NRP), this book touches upon various land-use and land-cover issues in relation to global environmental change. In addition to the biogeochemical cyc1es, land as a car rier for functions of economic activities, food and fibre production and energy production via biomass are discussed. Crucial in studying land use is human behaviour and man-environment interaction at different scales. Land-use and land-cover change is an important contrlbutor of greenhouse gasses as these activities directly interfere with the carbon, nitrogen and water cyc1es. These cyc1es are connected through numerous feedback loops. The interface of land-use and c1imate is essentially determined by the interaction of man and the environment. Man uses land primarily to produce food; a relatively small area is needed for urban development.
I Introduction.- 1 Land use and global environmental change.- II Land-use and land-cover change: general concepts.- 2 Methodology for multi-scale land-use change modelling: concepts and challenges.- 3 Global warming and the economics of land-use and of land-cover change.- III The relation between climate and land use.- 4 Land cover and the climate system.- 5 Land use and terrestrial carbon sinks.- IV Impact, adaptation and mitigation.- 6 Land-use change, climate and hydrology.- 7 Climate change and food security in the drylands of West Africa.- 8 Land-use changes induced by increased use of renewable energy sources.- Contributing Authors.