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Renowned experts discuss applications of lasers in environmental and process technology
Environmental and industrial process analysis is of fundamental relevance for various tasks in the protection of the environment, as well as for the tracing of processes which are associated with changes in the concentration of chemical substances. In many cases, conventional techniques can not cope with todays requirements of fast, in-situ and online analytical tasks. Laser-based and optical measuring techniques are predestined for these applications. They can work without direct physical contact with the measuring object, feature high measuring frequencies and are suitable for the simultaneous determination of several substances. This book presents an overview of the state of the art in research and development within this field. The results of a German national research program are presented, to which 3 universities, 5 companies and the Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft have contributed.
Fundamentals of Laser-Matter-Interaction.- Spektrochemical Analysis of Heavy Metals in Soils using Laser-based Techniques.- Combination of Laser-Induced Fluorescence (LIF) Spectroscopy and Laser-Based Ion Mobility Spectrometry (LIMS) for the Detection of Polycyclic aromatic Compounds and Petroleum Products in Soil.- Organic Trace Compounds in Soil Samples: Investigation of Laser Desorption and Resonant Multi-Photon Inoization for Fast on-site Analysis.- Spatially-Resolved on-line and insitu Laser-Analysis of Soil Contaminations by Use of Imaging Techniques.- New On-line Methods of Contaminant Detection and Particle Characterisation for the Cleanup of Soil.- Fiberoptic Evanescent-Field Lasersensor for Environmental and Process Control.- On-line and in-sit Laser-Diagnostics of Oil Contaminations.