Equivalency Methods for Environmental Liability in the European Union
Assessing Damage and Compensation under the Environmental Liability Directive
Lipton, Joshua, Ozdemiroglu, Ece, Chapman, David J. (Eds.)
2015, V, 320 p. 30 illus.
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Covers both different ecological approaches and economic analysis components of equivalency analysis
Fits within the European legal and institutional context
Academically rigorous and easily accessible by users of different technical backgrounds and levels of expertise
The objective of the EU Environmental Liability Directive is to establish a common framework for the prevention and remediation of environmental damage at a reasonable cost to society. The Habitats Directive also requires compensation of environmental damage – albeit with different conditions.
This book presents the methods for assessing environmental damage and determining the equivalent type and amount of compensation. The tools are illustrated with case studies.
These equivalency methods are also relevant for implementing new policy instruments like biodiversity offsets and habitat banking.
PART 1: Introduction, Legal Regime, and Methods. 1. Introduction: Environmental Liability Analysis in the European Union. 2. The Environmental Liability Directive: Legal Background and Requirements. 3. Development of a Toolkit for Performing Resource Equivalency Analysis. 4. Performing an Initial Evaluation. 5. Determining and Quantifying Damage. 6. Determining and Quantifying Remediation Benefits. 7. Scaling Complementary and Compensatory Remediation. 8. Monitoring and Reporting. 9. Economic Approaches to Environmental Compensation: Theories and Techniques.
PART 2: Case Studies. 10. Vistula River Crossing in Poland. 11. Ex Ante Road Development in Poland. 12. Bages-Berguedà (BABE) Forest Fire in Catalonia. 13. Water Abstraction from the River Itchen, Hampshire, UK. 14. Long-term Chemical Contamination of a Nearshore Waterway. 15. Population Impairment to Alpine Brown Trout. 16. Oil Pollution of a Nearshore Marine Habitat from Land-Based Tanks. 17. Bird Mortality Associated with Wind Turbines.