Springer eBooks may be purchased by end-customers only and are sold without copy protection (DRM free). Instead, all eBooks include personalized watermarks. This means you can read the Springer eBooks across numerous devices such as Laptops, eReaders, and tablets.
You can pay for Springer eBooks with Visa, Mastercard, American Express or Paypal.
After the purchase you can directly download the eBook file or read it online in our Springer eBook Reader. Furthermore your eBook will be stored in your MySpringer account. So you can always re-download your eBooks.
When Lovelock published his 'Gaia', it was for many people quite a relief. We would not be able to destroy life on earth. Lovelock illustrated this argument with a wealth of mechanistic feedback processes, as we know them to occur in ecosystems. These feedback processes would, somehow, lead the earth as a whole into a new equilibrium. An equilibrium with life within, be it in an entirely changed environment. This is, indeed, let us be earnest: a functioning ecosystem. But what kind of ecosystem? The Gaia-hypothesis triggered a great deal of thought and discussion about what we actually require as an environment. Bio diversity as an abbreviation of biotic diversity has since become the focal point of societal concern. But again, when we think about it, we are not only interested in the sheer number of species on earth. We also have ')ther interests: nearby, in our backyards, in the surrounding countryside, and on the various locations where we would like to spend our holidays. We also want to preserve rare or characteristic species just for their own sake. In fact, we want species in viable populations to be part of communities that are self-maintaining in environments where they belong. We know we cannot ask for this without protecting their environment, which is also our environment. This is where the next fashionable term emerges: sustainability.
Preface. Part 1: Theory. 1. Environmental Policy and Ecosystem Classification; H.A. Udo de Haes, F. Klijn. 2. Basic Principles of Classification; I.S. Zonneveld. 3. Systems Ecological Concepts for Environmental Planning; W. Haber. 4. The Natural Hierarchy of Ecological Systems; M. Godron. Part 2: Approaches to Classification. 5. Spatially Nested Ecosystems, Guidelines for Classification from a Hierarchical Perspective; F. Klijn. 6. Ecosystem Classification by Budgets of Material: the Example of Forest Ecosystems Classified as Proton Budget Types; R. Lenz. 7. The Use of Site Factors as Classification Characteristics for Ecotopes; J. Runhaar, H.A. Udo de Haes. 8. The Application of Quantitative Methods of Classification to Strategic Ecological Survey in Britain; R.G.H. Bunce. Part 3: Applications. 9. A Flexible Multiple Stress Model: who needs a priori Classification? J.B. Latour, R. Reiling, J. Wiertz. 10. Ecosystem Classification and Hydro-Ecological Modelling for National Water Management; F.A.M. Claessen, F. Klijn, J.P.M. Witte, J.G. Nienhuis. 11. Up-to-date Information on Nature Quality for Environmental Management in Flanders; G. de Blust, D. Paelinckx, E. Kuijken. 12. Monitoring `Small Biotopes'; J. Brandt, E. Holmes, D. Larsen. 13. The Use of Floristic Data to Establish the Occurrence and Quality of Ecosystems; C.L.G. Groen, R. van der Meijden, J. Runhaar. Index.