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Environmental Sciences | Dating Torrential Processes on Fans and Cones - Methods and Their Application for Hazard and Risk

Dating Torrential Processes on Fans and Cones

Methods and Their Application for Hazard and Risk Assessment

Schneuwly-Bollschweiler, Michelle, Stoffel, Markus, Rudolf-Miklau, Florian (Eds.)

2013, XXXII, 424 p.

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  • A comprehensive overview of dating methods for flows and floods on fans and cones
  • Provides a detailed practical checklist for field analysis
  • Includes assessment of the benefits, limitations and costs of various methods
  • Illustrates the importance of historical data on past events for hazards and risk assessment
  • Provides a detailed practical checklist for field analysis
  • Includes assessment of the benefits, limitations and costs of various methods
  • Illustrates the importance of historical data on past events for hazards and risk assessment
  • Includes assessment of the benefits, limitations and costs of various methods
  • Illustrates the importance of historical data on past events for hazards and risk assessment
  • Illustrates the importance of historical data on past events for hazards and risk assessment

Water-related processes such as floods, debris floods, flash floods, and debris flows represent major geomorphic hazards in mountain areas of the world. Recent decades have seen human pressures on these regions increase, aggravating conflicts between natural hazards and infrastructure. Detailed knowledge on frequency and magnitude of past flood or debris-flow events on alluvial fans and cones remains scarce, although it is widely accepted that such knowledge is of crucial importance for the assessment of hazards, mitigation of risks, and land-use planning. Archival records on the occurrence of past events are often fragmentary or even completely missing. Modern methods of historical dating of past debris-flow and flood events such as dendrochronology, radiocarbon dating, lichenometry and many more can provide valuable insights into past process activity and thus add key detail to the historical record.

 

This book provides a detailed overview on methods used for the dating of past torrential activity on fans and cones and fosters the discussion on the impact of past and potential future climate change on torrential processes. The book has a clear focus on the practical applications of these methods, complemented by case studies. The limits of each dating method in case of excessive natural and human interventions on fans and cones are shown.

Content Level » Professional/practitioner

Keywords » dating method - fans and cones - geomorphic hazards - hazards and risk assessment - torrential processes

Related subjects » Civil Engineering - Environmental Science & Engineering - Environmental Sciences - Geography - Natural Hazards

Table of contents 

1. Dating Past Events on Fans and Cones – An Introduction

 

2. Processes of Sediment Supply to Alluvial Fans and Debris Cones

 

3. Susceptibility and Triggers for Debris Flows: Emergence, Loading, Release and Entrainment

 

4. Sediment Transport Processes

 

5. Debris-Flow Runout and Deposition on the Fan

 

6. Events on Fans and Cones: Recurrence Interval and Magnitude

 

7. Silent Witnesses For Torrential Processes

 

8. Assessment of Past Torrential Events Through Historical Sources

 

9. The Use of Airborne Laser Swath Mapping on Fans And Cones: An Example from the Colorado Front Range

 

10. Dendrogeomorphology – Tracking Past Events with Tree Rings

 

11. Tree-Ring Based Record of Debris-Flow Dynamics and Triggering Rain Storms at Ritigraben (Swiss Alps) Since AD 1570

 

12. Vegetation Analysis on Composite Debris Cones

 

13. Using Age of Colonizing Douglas-Fir for the Dating of Young Geomorphic Surfaces – A Case Study

 

14. Lichenometric Dating of Debris Avalanche Deposits with an Example from the French Alps

 

15. Lake Sediments as Archives of Recurrence Rates and Intensities of Past Flood Events

 

16. Dating Fan Deposits with Cosmogenic Nuclides

 

17. Radiocarbon Dating: Alluvial Fan / Debris Cone Evolution and Hazards

 

18. Luminescence Dating of Alluvial Fans and Cones

 

19. Timing The Interface Between Mass Wasting and Fluvial Processes with OSL

 

20. Debris-Flow Monitoring in Italy

 

21. Documentation of Torrential Events

 

22. Rainfall Thresholds for Possible Occurrence of Shallow Landslides and Debris Flows in Italy

 

23. Hazard Assessment

 

24. Dealing With Natural Hazard Risks In Switzerland – The Influence Of Hazard Mapping On Risk-Based Decision Making

 

25. Hazard Mapping and Land-Use Planning – A Swiss Perspective

 

7. Silent Witnesses For Torrential Processes

 

8. Assessment of Past Torrential Events Through Historical Sources

 

9. The Use of Airborne Laser Swath Mapping on Fans And Cones: An Example from the Colorado Front Range

 

10. Dendrogeomorphology – Tracking Past Events with Tree Rings

 

11. Tree-Ring Based Record of Debris-Flow Dynamics and Triggering Rain Storms at Ritigraben (Swiss Alps) Since AD 1570

 

12. Vegetation Analysis on Composite Debris Cones

 

13. Using Age of Colonizing Douglas-Fir for the Dating of Young Geomorphic Surfaces – A Case Study

 

14. Lichenometric Dating of Debris Avalanche Deposits with an Example from the French Alps

 

15. Lake Sediments as Archives of Recurrence Rates and Intensities of Past Flood Events

 

16. Dating Fan Deposits with Cosmogenic Nuclides

 

17. Radiocarbon Dating: Alluvial Fan / Debris Cone Evolution and Hazards

 

18. Luminescence Dating of Alluvial Fans and Cones

 

19. Timing The Interface Between Mass Wasting and Fluvial Processes with OSL

 

20. Debris-Flow Monitoring in Italy

 

21. Documentation of Torrential Events

 

22. Rainfall Thresholds for Possible Occurrence of Shallow Landslides and Debris Flows in Italy

 

23. Hazard Assessment

 

24. Dealing With Natural Hazard Risks In Switzerland – The Influence Of Hazard Mapping On Risk-Based Decision Making

 

25. Hazard Mapping and Land-Use Planning – A Swiss Perspective

 

26. Design Criteria for Torrential Barriers

 

27. Forecasting, Early Warning and Event Management: Non-Structural Protection Measures for Flash Floods and Debris Flows

 

28. Climate Research and Adaptation Strategies – Examples from the European Alps

 

29. Dating Methods Overview: Checklist for Practitioners

 

30. Summary and Outlook

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