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Environmental Sciences | Urban Street Design Guide

Urban Street Design Guide

NACTO

2013, X, 182 p.

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  • A well-illustrated, practical guide to rethinking the design of urban streets
  • Draws upon the extensive expertise of the National Association of City Transportation Officials (NACTO) which has been instrumental in synthesizing best new practices of street design from around the country
  • Gives city officials, transportation engineers, and others working on street design plans the tools they need to implement successful, innovative projects

The NACTO Urban Street Design Guide shows how streets of every size can be reimagined and reoriented to prioritize safe driving and transit, biking, walking, and public activity.  Unlike older, more conservative engineering manuals, this design guide emphasizes the core principle that urban streets are public places and have a larger role to play in communities than solely being conduits for traffic. 

The well-illustrated guide offers blueprints of street design from multiple perspectives, from the bird’s eye view to granular details. Case studies from around the country clearly show how to implement best practices, as well as provide guidance for customizing design applications to a city’s unique needs.  Urban Street Design Guide outlines five goals and tenets of world-class street design:

•    Streets are public spaces. Streets play a much larger role in the public life of cities and communities than just thoroughfares for traffic.
•    Great streets are great for business. Well-designed streets generate higher revenues for businesses and higher values for homeowners.
•    Design for safety. Traffic engineers can and should design streets where people walking, parking, shopping, bicycling, working, and driving can cross paths safely.
•    Streets can be changed. Transportation engineers can work flexibly within the building envelope of a street. Many city streets were created in a different era and need to be reconfigured to meet new needs.
•    Act now! Implement projects quickly using temporary materials to help inform public decision making.

Elaborating on these fundamental principles, the guide offers substantive direction for cities seeking to improve street design to create more inclusive, multi-modal urban environments.  It is an exceptional resource for redesigning streets to serve the needs of 21st century cities, whose residents and visitors demand a variety of transportation options, safer streets, and vibrant community life.

Content Level » Professional/practitioner

Keywords » Complete streets - Street design - Transportation - Urban planning

Related subjects » Environmental Sciences

Table of contents 

INTRODUCTION

Foreword

About the Guide

Using the Guide

STREETS

Street Design Principles

Key Principles

Phases of Transformation

Street Design in Context

Downtown 1-Way Street

Downtown 2-Way Street

Downtown Thoroughfare

Neighborhood Main Street

Neighborhood Street

Yield Street

Boulevard

Residential Boulevard

Transit Corridor

Green Alley

Commercial Alley

Residential Shared Street

Commercial Shared Street

Cambridge Shared Streets

STREET DESIGN ELEMENTS

Lane Width

Sidewalks

Sidewalk Zones

Sidewalk Design

Curb Extensions

Gateway

Pinchpoint

Chicane

Bus Bulbs

Vertical Speed Control Elements

Speed Hump

Speed Table

Speed Cushion

Transit Streets

Dedicated Curbside/Offset Bus Lanes

Dedicated Median Bus Lanes

Contra-Flow Bus Lanes

Bus Stops

Stormwater Management

Bioswales

Flow-Through Planters

Pervious Strips

Pervious Pavement

INTERIM DESIGN STRATEGIES

Interim Design Strategies<

Moving the Curb

From Pilot to Permanent

Parklets

San Francisco Parklet Program

Temporary Street Closures

Los Angeles’s CicLAvia Initiative

Interim Public Plazas

New York City Plaza Program

INTERSECTIONS

Intersection Design Principles

Principles

Major Intersections

Intersections of Major and Minor Streets

Raised Intersections

Mini Roundabout

Complex Intersections

Complex Intersection Analysis

Redesign

INTERSECTION DESIGN ELEMENTS

Crosswalks and Crossings

Crosswalks

Conventional Crosswalks

Midblock Crosswalks

Pedestrian Safety Islands

Corner Radii

Visibility/Sight Distance

Traffic Signals

Signalization Principles

Leading Pedestrian Interval

Split-Phasing

Signal Cycle Lengths

Fixed vs. Actuated Signalization

Coordinated Signal Timing

DESIGN CONTROLS

Design Controls

Design Speed

Speed Reduction Mechanisms

Design Vehicle

Design Hour

Design Year

Performance Measures

Functional Classification

San Francisco’s Better Streets Plan

RESOURCES

Notes

References

Credits.

Moving the Curb

From Pilot to Permanent

Parklets

San Francisco Parklet Program

Temporary Street Closures

Los Angeles’s CicLAvia Initiative

Interim Public Plazas

New York City Plaza Program

INTERSECTIONS

Intersection Design Principles

Principles

Major Intersections

Intersections of Major and Minor Streets

Raised Intersections

Mini Roundabout

Complex Intersections

Complex Intersection Analysis

Redesign

INTERSECTION DESIGN ELEMENTS

Crosswalks and Crossings

Crosswalks

Conventional Crosswalks

Midblock Crosswalks

Pedestrian Safety Islands

Corner Radii

Visibility/Sight Distance

Traffic Signals

Signalization Principles

Leading Pedestrian Interval

Split-Phasing

Signal Cycle Lengths

Fixed vs. Actuated Signalization

Coordinated Signal Timing

DESIGN CONTROLS

Design Controls

Design Speed

Speed Reduction Mechanisms

Design Vehicle

Design Hour

Design Year

Performance Measures

Functional Classification

San Francisco’s Better Streets Plan

RESOURCES

Notes

References

Credits.

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