Logo - springer
Slogan - springer

Environmental Sciences | Ecological Restoration, Second Edition - Principles, Values, and Structure of an Emerging Profession

Ecological Restoration, Second Edition

Principles, Values, and Structure of an Emerging Profession

Clewell, Andre F., Aronson, James

2nd ed. 2013, XXIV, 303 p. 78 illus.


Springer eBooks may be purchased by end-customers only and are sold without copy protection (DRM free). Instead, all eBooks include personalized watermarks. This means you can read the Springer eBooks across numerous devices such as Laptops, eReaders, and tablets.

You can pay for Springer eBooks with Visa, Mastercard, American Express or Paypal.

After the purchase you can directly download the eBook file or read it online in our Springer eBook Reader. Furthermore your eBook will be stored in your MySpringer account. So you can always re-download your eBooks.

ISBN 978-1-59726-323-8

digitally watermarked, no DRM

learn more about Springer eBooks

add to marked items

  • The authors, pioneers in the field of restoration; have written a completely updated and expanded version of a classic book
  • The authors tackle many controversies in the field head-on, affording the book a timeliness that is unique in the literature
  • The new edition contains entirely new “Virtual Field Trips,” which are popular with both readers and professors

Ecological restoration is a rapidly growing discipline that encompasses a wide range of activities and brings together practitioners and theoreticians from a variety of backgrounds and perspectives, ranging from volunteer backyard restorationists to highly trained academic scientists and professional consultants. This book offers a comprehensive and coherent account of the field for everyone who initiates, finances, designs, administers, issues government permits for, manages, and implements ecological restoration projects, and all those who serve in supportive roles. Originally published in 2007, this revised and reorganized edition brings the book up to date with new developments and current trends in the field.

In a lively, personal fashion, the authors discuss scientific and practical aspects of the field as well as the human needs and values that motivate practitioners. The book
- identifies fundamental concepts upon which restoration is based
- considers the principles of restoration practice
- explores the diverse values that are fulfilled with the restoration of ecosystems
- reviews the structure of restoration practice, including the various contexts for restoration work, the professional development of its practitioners, and the relationships of restoration with allied fields and activities.

The book also includes case studies and Virtual Field Trips around the world that illustrate points made in the book with on-the-ground information from those who were intimately involved with the projects described.

Throughout, ecological restoration is conceived as a holistic endeavor, one that addresses issues of ecological degradation, biodiversity loss, personal engagement, and sustainability science simultaneously, and draws upon cultural resources and local skills and knowledge in restoration work.

Content Level » Lower undergraduate

Keywords » Ecological impairment - Ecological restoration - Ecosystem - Restoration ecology - Restoration practitioner

Related subjects » Ecology - Environmental Management - Environmental Sciences

Table of contents 

About the society for ecological restoration

List of virtual field trips

Foreword; Paddy Woodworth


Part I. Why We Restore

Chapter 1. Overview

Some Basic Terms and Concepts

Chapter 2. Values and Ecological Restoration

Ecological Values

Personal Values

Socioeconomic Values

Cultural Values

Holons and Realms of Organization

Chapter 3. Disturbance and Impairment


Ecosystem Response to Disturbance

Degradation, Damage, Destruction

Ecological Consequences of Impairment

Part II. What We Restore

Chapter 4. Recovery

Ecological Views of Recovery

Ecological Theory and Restoration

Chapter 5. Ecological Attributes of Restored Ecosystems

Species Composition

Community Structure

Abiotic Environment

Landscape Context

Ecological Functionality

Historic Continuity

Ecological Complexity




Biosphere Support

Goals and Project Standards

Chapter 6. Semicultural Landscapes and Ecosystems

Culturalization of Landscapes

Examples of Semicultural Landscapes

Selecting Semicultural Targets for Restoration

Part III. How We Restore

Chapter 7. Ecological References

Reference Concept

Types of Reference Sites

Steps in Reference Model Preparation

Temporal References

References in Landscape Restoration


Chapter 8. Approaches to Restoration

Intensity of Effort

Framework Approach

Sources of Knowledge

Chapter 9. Project Planning and Evaluation

Guidelines for Restoration

Strategies and Designs

Inoculating Soils and Substrates

Project Evaluation

Part IV. Ecological Restoration as a Profession

Chapter 10. Relationship of Restoration to Related Fields

Restoration Ecology and Ecological Restoration

Ecosystem Management

Rehabilitation, Reclamation, Revegetation, and Remediation

Compensatory Mitigation

Fabrication and Creation

Landscape Architecture and Design

Ecological Engineering

Restoration of Natural Capital

Sustainability Science

Chapter 11. Projects and the Professional


Project Sponsors

Project Roles

Organizational Structure

Evolution of Contexts

Stewardship Models

Practitioner Certification

Chapter 12. Moving Restoration Forward—Together

Perceptions of Ecological Restoration

Novel Ecosystems

Climate Change

Moving Forward


References cited

About the authors and collaborators


Popular Content within this publication 



Read this Book on Springerlink

Services for this book

New Book Alert

Get alerted on new Springer publications in the subject area of Environment (general).