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Environmental Sciences | New Environmentalism - Managing New Zealand’s Environmental Diversity

New Environmentalism

Managing New Zealand’s Environmental Diversity

de Freitas, Chris, Perry, Martin

XXIV, 303 p. 19 illus.

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  • Presents an inclusive national case study in new environmentalism assessing New Zealand’s green credentials
  • Includes a wealth of case studies and discussion points that invite further exploration and classroom debate
  • A concise study guide summarizing key issues and suggesting further reading concludes each chapter
  • Interdisciplinary text accessible to lecturers and undergraduates studying environmental management in a range of academic contexts

New Zealand’s environment, so widely celebrated for its beauty and relative integrity, requires wise stewardship in establishing the sustainable development needed for the long-term public good. How well is it fulfilling these aims? This study assesses how far the nation has lived up to the imperatives of a new public environmentalism that closely monitors increased pressure on resources, tracks business and state-sector environmental performance through sensitive performance indices, and expects environmental and economic goals to harmonise, not conflict.

The book explains the role of New Zealand’s environmental agencies and regulatory legislation, taking in the impact of international agreements and treaties. It traces the fortunes of sustainable policy approaches and analyzes the activities of the public agencies charged with managing the environment. Moving on to a detailed thematic status report on New Zealand’s environment, it examines rural, freshwater, coastal, oceanic, atmospheric and urban zones. Finally, chapters detail public perceptions and normative environmental values as well as the depth of business commitment to environmental responsibility. An ideal introduction to the topic for a diverse range of scholars, the book eschews any specific theoretical framework in charting the recent evolution, current operation and future trajectory of environmentalism in New Zealand. It backs strategic advice with both social and ecological data, and raises questions over the country’s reputation for greenness at the same time as recognizing its numerous achievements. With neat summaries of key issues at the end of each chapter, expansive guidance on further reading, and a multitude of examples ideal for classroom debate, this volume gives us an informed, objective, and wide-ranging appraisal on a topic of increasing centrality in the policy debate.

Content Level » Upper undergraduate

Related subjects » Environmental Sciences - Geography - Population Studies

Table of contents 



1. The New Zealand Environment

1.1 The Setting

1.2 New Environmentalism

1.3 New Zealand and New Environmentalism

1.4 Māori  and Environmental Management

1.5 Conclusion

Study Guide


2. Alternative Approaches to Environmental Management

2.1 Environmental Management

2.2 Standards and Permits

2.3 Economic Instruments

2.4 Voluntary Initiatives

2.5 Policy Selection

2.6 Conclusion

Study Guide


3. Agencies and Laws

3.1 Reform of Environmental Management

3.2 Central Government Agencies

3.3 Local Government Agencies

3.4 Non-Government Organisations

3.5 Māori and Resource Management

3.6 The Legislation Framework

3.7 Resource Management Act 1991

3.8 Participation in International Environmental Agreements

3.9 Conclusion

Study Guide


4. Principles and Indicators

4.1 Principles of Environmental Management                      

4.2 Monitoring the State of the Environment

4.3 Composite Indicators           

4.4 Environmental Indicators and Reporting in New Zealand

4.5 Conclusion

Study Guide


5. The Land

5.1 The Setting

5.2 Land Degradation

5.3 The Conservation Estate    

5.4 Biodiversity

5.5 Māori   

5.6 Conclusion

Study Guide


6. Freshwater

6.1 Conceptual Overview

6.2 The Water Resource and Pressures on it

6.3 Managing Freshwater

6.4 Nutrient Contamination

6.5 Rivers

6.6 Lakes

6.7 Groundwater

6.8 Drinking Water

6.9 Conclusion

Study Guide


7. Ocean and Coast

7.1 Physical Setting

7.2 Coastal Waters

7.3 Fisheries

7.4 State of the Fisheries

7.5 Māori

7.6 Oceans Policy

7.7 Marine Invasive Species

7.8 Marine Reserves

7.9 Conclusion

Study Guide         


8. The Air

8.1 Climate

8.2 Climate Change

8.3 Monitoring and Managing Air quality

8.4 Greenhouse Gases

8.5 Energy

8.6 Conclusion

Study Guide


9. Urban Environment

9.1 Urban New Zealand

9.2 Cities and economic development

9.3 Local government planning

9.4 Urban structure and sustainability

9.5 Waste

9.6 Conclusion

Study Guide


10. Reflections and Prospects

10.1 What do others think?

10. 2 New environmentalism and the competition for ideas

10.3 New Zealand environment strengths and weaknesses

10.4 Prospects for green growth

10.5 Community and individual action

10.6 Keeping in touch

Study Guide



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