Problems of scale have exercised the minds of ecologists for many years, and will continue to do so into the future. This volume deals with this subject and with mathematical approaches to improve our understanding of complex ecological systems. The book also concentrates on monitoring the responses of ecosystems, especially to human impacts upon them. The importance of spatial separation of function at both the landscape and ecosystem level forms an important theme. Finally, this special book focuses on large-scale issues, discussing in particular important applied ecological problems and how these can be managed through a variety of planning processes. Many examples of major ecological problems in the mainstream ecological literature are drawn from Europe and North America. In contrast, many of the most pressing ecological problems are to be found elsewhere in the world.
This volume is composed of four parts according to scale, objectives and application of modern ecological research. Part I covers emerging concepts and models in the ecosystem complex and in the landscape. Part II. Biological responses to environmental changes: pattern and process, Part III. Ecological networking and restoration technology: theory and practice, and finally a summary of 8th INTECOL Congress and possible future directions are covered in Part IV.
Preface List of Contributors Acknowledgements Part I. Concept and model in ecosystem complex 1. A Theoretical Framework For A Science Of Landscape; Almo Farina, Sun-Kee Hong 2. Mathematical View of Community and Ecosystem Processes; Toshiyuki Namba, Tae-Soo Chon 3. Complex Systems Approaches To Study Human-Environmental Interactions: Issues and Problems; Felix Müller, Bai-Lian Li 4. Effects of elevated atmospheric CO2 on wetland soils; Seon-Young Kim, Hojeong Kang, Chris Freeman 5. Toward Predicting Effects Of Fire On Egetation Dynamics Under Changed Climate Scheme— Landscape Scale Models; Xiao-Jun Kou, Robert H. Gardner 6. Partitioning Carbon Fluxes Within Forest Stand Beneath Flux Tower, Methodology And Application; Kaneyuki Nakane, Henry L. Gholz 7. Gas emissions from buffer zones in agricultural landscapes: Results evaluation of the VIII INTECOL Congress Symposium; Lech Ryszkowski, Ulo Mander 8. Landscape Ecology: Monitoring landscape dynamics using spatial pattern metrics; Jan Bogaert, Sun-Kee Hong Part II. Biological response in environmental changes: pattern and process 9. Biological richness of the Asian tidal flats and its crisis by human impacts; Masanori Sato, Chul-Hwan Koh 10. Conservation and management of grassland biodiversity in East Asia; Hideharu Tsukada, Osamu Imura, Kun Shi 11. Spread of an introduced tree pest organism — the pinewood nematode; Katsumi Togashi, Yeong-Jin Chung, Ei'ichi Shibata 12. Allelopathic Effects Of Some Plant Species In Korea; Bong-Seop Kil, Young Sik Kim, Hyeon Gyeong Yoo, Ji-Hyun Kil, Kew-Cheol Shim 13. Biomarkers in environmental monitoring and its application in Chironomus spp.; Jinhee Choi 14. Biomass and nutrient cycling of natural oak forests in Korea; Yowhan Son, In Hyeop Park, Hyun O Jin, Myeong Jong Yi, Dong Yeob Kim, Rae Hyun Kim, Jung Ok Hwang 15. Effect Of Organic Rice Farming On The Seasonal Occurrence Of Aquatic Animals And Predation Efficacy Of The Muddy Laoch Against Mosquitoes In Rice Field; Dong-Kyu Lee, Young Son Cho 16. Modelling above-ground biomass production of Phragmites communis Trin. stands; Byung-Sun Ihm, Jeom-Sook Lee, Jong-Wook Kim Part III. Ecological networking and restoration technology: theory and practice 17. Linking planning system between spatial development plan and environment plan Toward Sustainable Development; Yeong-Kook Choi 18. Landscape ecological approach for restoration site of natural forests in the Ota River basin, Japan; Nobukazu Nakagoshi, Sonoko Watanabe, Tomoko Koga 19. Towards Eco-integration — Ecopolis Planning in China; Rusong Wang 20. Ecological dynamics of urban and rural landscapes — The need for landscape planning that considers the biodiversity crisis in Japan; Yukihiro Morimoto 21. Ecological Engineering For Restoring River Ecosystems In Japan And Korea; Mahito Kamada, Hyoseop Woo, Yasuhiro Takemon 22. Baekdudaegan, The Central Axis Of The Korean Peninsula: The Path toward Management Strategies regarding to its concepts; Yeong-Kook Choi 23. Forest Fragmentation in the Lower Region of the Han River Basin, South Korea from 1983 to 1996; Engkyoung Lee, Kyung A Kim, Kyungmin Kim, Dowon Lee Part IV. Epilogue 24. Summary of the VIII Seoul INTECOL Congress and Subsequent Progresses in Ecology in Korea as well as in East Asia; Eun-Shik Kim, Byung-Sun Ihm, Jae Chun Choe, Sei-Woong Choi, Sun-Kee Hong,John A. Lee Index