A product of the UNESCO-IHP project on Water and Cultural Diversity, this book represents an effort to examine the complex role water plays as a force in sustaining, maintaining, and threatening the viability of culturally diverse peoples. It is argued that water is a fundamental human need, a human right, and a core sustaining element in biodiversity and cultural diversity. The core concepts utilized in this book draw upon a larger trend in sustainability science, a recognition of the synergism and analytical potential in utilizing a coupled biological and social systems analysis, as the functioning viability of nature is both sustained and threatened by humans.
PART 1 WATER AND CULTURAL DIVERSITY.- 1.0 Introduction: Water and Cultural Diversity.- 1.1 Placing Water and Culture.- 1.2 The Paradigm Shift in India’s River Policies: From Sacred to Transferable Waters.- 1.3 Rethinking the Role of Humans in Water Management: Toward a New Model of Decision-Making.- 1.4 Local Water Management in the Andes: Interplay.- of Domination, Power and Collective Participation.- 1.5 The Power of a Disappearance: Water in the Jerid Region of Tunisia.- 1.6 Diverting Water: Cultural Plurality.- and Public Water Features in an Urban Environment.- PART II CULTURE AND WATER IN DIVERSE ENVIRONMENTS.- 2.0 Introduction: Culture and Water in Diverse Environments.- 2.1 Watersheds and Marinescapes: Understanding.- and Maintaining Cultural Diversity Among Southeast Alaska Natives.- 2.2 The Infl uence of Westernization on Water Resources Use and Conservation Among the Maasai People of Kenya.- 2.3 Groundwater and Qanats in Syria: Leadership, Ownership, and Abandonment.- 2.4 Box 2.4.1 Water, Livelihoods, and Morality around the Panama Canal.- Box 2.4.2 Saving the Pilcomayo River in Argentina: Traditional criollo ranchers resist destruction of an ecosystem and a way of life.- Box 2.4.3 Working on water: Cultural survival in the ‘tri-state water wars’.- 2.5 Nourishing Diversity in Water Governance: The Case of San Cristobal de las Casas, Chiapas, Mexico.- 2.6 Water Knowledge, Use, and Governance: Tibetan Participatory Development Along.- the Mekong (Langcangjiang) River, in Yunnan, China.- 2.7 Ecological Change and the Sociocultural Consequences of the Ganges River’s Decline.- PART III WATER VALUE, ACCESS, USE, AND CONTROL.- Sociocultural Contexts of Water Scarcity.- 3.0 Introduction: Water Value, Access, Use, and Control: Sociocultural Contexts of Water Scarcity.- 3.1 Culture, Gender, and Vulnerability in a Vietnamese Refugee Community: Aftermath of Hurricane Katrina.- 3.2 Water, Culture, and Gender: An Analysis from Bangladesh.- 3.3 South Africa’s ‘Rights Culture’ of Water Consumption.- 3.4 Manufacturing Water Scarcity, Generating Environmental Inequity.- PART IV HYDRODEVELOPMENT, CULTURAL DIVERSITY AND SUSTAINABILITY.- 4.0 Introduction: Hydrodevelopment, Cultural Diversity, and Sustainability.- 4.1 Water, Culture, Power: Hydrodevelopment Dynamics.- 4.2 The Lesotho Highlands Water Project: Water, Culture, and Environmental Chang.- 4.3 Not All Dams in Africa Are Developmental: Advocacy Perspectives from the African Rivers Network.- 4.4 Drowning Under Progress: Water, Culture, and Development in the Greater Mekong Subregion.- 4.5 Damming China’s Angry River: Vulnerability in a Culturally and Biologically Diverse Watershed.- 4.6 Cultural Survival, Tribal Sovereignty and River Restoration on the Central Northwest Coast, North America.- PART V THE WAYS FORWARD.- 5.0 Introduction: The Ways Forward.- 5.1 Managing ‘Water Traditions’ in Uttarakhand, India: Lessons Learned and Steps Towards the Future.- 5.2 ‘El Agua es Vida/Water Is Life’: Community Watershed Reserves in Intag, Ecuador, and Emerging Ecological Identities.- 5.3 Cultural Flows: Asserting Indigenous Rights and Interests in the Waters of the Murray-Darling River System, Australia.- 5.4 Environmental Flow Assessments: A Participatory Process Enabling Maori Cultural Values to Inform Flow Regime Setting.- 5.5 Droplets of Hope: Searching for Sustainability and Common Ground in the Arab/Israeli Conflict.- 5.6 ‘Water for Life’… Water for Whose Life? Water, Cultural Diversity and Sustainable Development in the United Nations.