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Engineering - Mechanical Engineering | Vehicular Engine Design

Vehicular Engine Design

Series: Powertrain

Hoag, Kevin

2006, X, 227 p.

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The mechanical engineering curriculum in most universities includes at least one elective course on the subject of reciprocating piston engines. The majority of these courses today emphasize the application of thermodynamics to engine ef?ciency, performance, combustion, and emissions. There are several very good textbooks that support education in these aspects of engine development. However, in most companies engaged in engine development there are far more engineers working in the areas of design and mechanical development. University studies should include opportunities that prepare engineers desiring to work in these aspects of engine development as well. My colleagues and I have undertaken the development of a series of graduate courses in engine design and mechanical development. In doing so it becomes quickly apparent that no suitable te- book exists in support of such courses. This book was written in the hopes of beginning to address the need for an engineering-based introductory text in engine design and mechanical development. It is of necessity an overview. Its focus is limited to reciprocating-piston internal-combustion engines – both diesel and spa- ignition engines. Emphasis is speci?cally on automobile engines, although much of the discussion applies to larger and smaller engines as well. A further intent of this book is to provide a concise reference volume on engine design and mechanical development processes for engineers serving the engine industry. It is intended to provide basic information and most of the chapters include recent references to guide more in-depth study.

Content Level » Research

Keywords » Motor - cam - camshaft - combustion - control - heat engine - internal combustion engine - optimization

Related subjects » Mechanical Engineering - Mechanics

Table of contents 

1: The internal-combustion engine: an introduction 1.1 Heat engines and internal combustion engines 1.2 The reciprocating piston engine 1.3 Engine operating cycles 1.4 Supercharging and turbocharging 1.5 Production engine examples 1.6 Basic measures 1.7 Recommendations for further reading 2: Engine maps, customers, and markets 2.1 Engine mapping 2.2 Automobile, motorcycle, and light-truck applications 2.3 Heavy-truck applications 2.4 Off-highway applications 2.5 Recommendations for further reading 3: Engine validation and durability 3.1 Developing a durable engine 3.2 Fatigue analysis 3.3 Friction, lubrication, and wear 3.4 Further wear and failure mechanisms 3.5 Recommendations for further reading 4: Engine development process 5: Determining displacement 5.1 The engine as an air pump 5.2 Estimating displacement 5.3 Engine uprating and critical dimensions 6: Engine configuration and balance 6.1 Determining the number and layout of cylinders 6.2 Vibration fundamentals reviewed 6.3 Rotating forces and dynamic couples 6.4 Reciprocating forces 6.5 Balancing the forces in multicylinder engines 6.6 Gas pressure forces 6.7 Bore-to-stroke ratio optimization 6.8 Recommendation for further reading 7: Cylinder block and head materials and manufacturing 7.1 Block and head materials 7.2 Block and head casting processes 7.3 A look at block and head casting 7.4 Block and head machining processes 7.5 Recommendations for further reading 8: Block layout and design decisions 8.1 Initial block layout 8.2 Crankcase design decisions 8.3 Cylinder design decisions 8.4 Camshaft placement decisions 9: Cylinder head layout design 9.1 Initial head layout 9.2 Combustion chamber design decisions 9.3 Valve, port, and manifold design 9.4 Head casting layout 9.5 Cylinder head cooling 9.6 Oil deck design 10: Block and head development 10.1 Durability validation 10.2 High-cycle loading and the cylinder block 10.3 Modal analysis and noise 10.4 Low-cycle mechanical loads 10.5 Block and head mating and the head gasket 10.6 Cylinder head loading 10.7 Thermal loads and analysis 10.8 Recommendations for further reading 11: Engine bearing design 11.1 Hydrodynamic bearing operation 11.2 Split-bearing design and lubrication 11.3 Bearing loads 11.4 Classical bearing sizing 11.5 Dynamic bearing sizing 11.6 Bearing material selection 11.7 Bearing system validation 11.8 Recommendations for further reading 12: Engine lubrication 12.1 Engine lubricants 12.2 Lubrication circuits and systems 12.3 Oil pumps 12.4 Oil pans, sumps, and windage 12.5 Filtration and cooling 12.6 Lubrication system performance analysis 12.7 Recommendations for further reading 13: Engine cooling 13.1 Engine cooling circuits 13.2 Cooling-jacket optimization 13.3 Water pump design 13.4 The cooling system 13.5 Venting and deaeration 13.6 Recommendations for further reading 14: Gaskets and seals 14.1 Gasketed-joint fundamentals 14.2 Engine cover design 14.3 Clamping load parameters 14.4 Bolt torque and sealing load control 14.5 Shaft seal design 14.6 Recommendations for further reading 15: Pistons and rings 15.1 Piston construction 15.2 Piston crown and ring land development 15.3 Piston pin boss development 15.4 Piston skirt development 15.5 Piston ring construction 15.6 Dynamic operation of the piston rings 15.7 Cylinder wall machining 15.8 Recommendations for further reading 16: Crankshafts and connecting rods 16.1 Crankshaft construction and manufacturing 16.2 Crankshaft fillet development 16.3 Torsional vibration and dampeners 16.4 Crankshaft nose development 16.5 Crankshaft flange and flywheel dev

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