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Engineering - Mechanical Engineering | Sustainable Urban Housing in China - Principles and Case Studies for Low-Energy Design

Sustainable Urban Housing in China

Principles and Case Studies for Low-Energy Design

Glicksman, Leon, Lin, Juintow (Eds.)

2006, XXV, 267 p. With CD-ROM.

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  • Addresses the need for a book focused on sustainable residential buildings
  • Provides in-depth research on all aspects of sustainable development
  • Offers case studies showing how design and technological aspects must be integrated into sustainable urban design
  • Provides tools for learning the process of creating sustainable buildings

Sustainable Urban Housing in China summarizes new research based on a number of important collaborative projects in Beijing, Shanghai and Shenzhen.

The book offers case studies and recommendations for new approaches to environmentally responsive sustainable building, illuminating many principles of sustainability and energy efficiency applicable to buildings worldwide, and in developing countries in particular. These projects identify practical technologies, new and existing, that will yield energy-efficient, healthy, and comfortable designs. Individual chapters address aspects of sustainable design including ventilation, controls, materials, and daylighting. Design guidelines and organizational methods suited to urban projects are also discussed.

This book will be an important reference for architects, developers, planners, and engineers active in the emerging field of sustainable or green residential construction, and will serve as a useful guide for professionals and NGOs working on sustainable solutions for the rapid growth in the developing world.

Content Level » Professional/practitioner

Keywords » Buildings - Residential building - architects - building - building design - design - ecology - environment - housing - planning - project - simulation - sustainability - sustainable building - sustainable development

Related subjects » Environmental Sciences - Geography - Mechanical Engineering

Table of contents 

TABLE OF CONTENTS The Authors; Acknowledgments; Foreword; Introduction by Leon Glicksman; Sustainable Urban Housing in China; Sustainable Development; Opportunity for Leadership; Energy Consumption and Global Warming; Project Background; Formation of Partnerships; Design Methodology; Evaluation of Specific Technologies; Organization of this Publication; References; PART ONE BACKGROUND: Chapter 1 Sustainability and the Building Sector by Leon Gllcksman; Introduction; Nonrenewable Resources; Environment; Energy; Solutions; Summary; References; Chapter 2 China — Environment and Culture by Leon Glicksman, Leslie Norford, and Lara Greden; Issue of growth; Trends in the Chinese Residential Sector; Technical Opportunities; Climate; Comfort Zones and Building Bio-Climatic Charts; Codes and Standards; Building Codes in China; Green Guidelines for Sustainable Housing in China; Building Codes; Policy; Current Policy in China Relevantto Residential Building Energy Efficiency; Reform of the Price for Heating; Coal Price Deregulation; Experience with Appliances; Suggested Policies to Drive Adoption of Sustainable Buildings; Stakeholders; The Urban Housing Market: History, Progress, and Problems; Summary; References; PART TWO DESIGN PRINCIPLES: Chapter 3 Design Principles for Sustainable Urban Housing in China; Andrew Scott; The Objectives of Sustainability: What Are We Trying to Achieve?; Assessing Sustainability: How Do We Know it Works?; The Barriers to Sustainability and Innovation; Ecological Buildings: Designing for Different Climates; Continental; Mediterranean; Subtropical; Maritime; Design Principles; Site Design and Planning; Urban Density Distribution and Urban Ventilation; Integrated Urban Ecology Networks; Building Form and Typology; Urban Housing Clusters as a Response to Climate and Community; Building Design and Planning; High-Rise Sustainable Building; Low-Rise, Low-Energy Design; Summary; References; Chapter 4 Materialsand Construction For Low-Energy Buildings in China by John Fernandez; Introduction; Materials for Improved Buildings; Assemblies for Improved Buildings; The Building Structure; Concrete; Steel; Timber; The Building Enclosure; Wall Construction; Insulation Materials; Air Barriers; Moisture Barriers; Windows; Policy and Regulation Recommendations for Improved Buildings; Potential for Sustainable Materials; Potential for Alternative Construction: Earthen and Straw-Bale Buildings; Summary; References; PART THREE TECHNICAL FINDINGS: Chapter 5 Low-Energy Building Design by Lesile Norford; Overview; Thermal Comfort; Passive Cooling Strategies; Climate Data; Study 1 : Simulation of Wind-Driven Ventilative Cooling in an Residential Building in Beijing and Shanghai; Methodology; Cases Studied; Results ; Study 2: Opportunities to Further Improve Thermal Comfort in Beijing Housing, Without Vapor-Compression Cooling Equipment; Description of Building and Simulation Methodology; Series I Simulations; Series 2 Simulations; Study 3: Low-Energy Building Design in Shenzhen; Window Orientation, Shades, and Overhangs; Insulation; Ventilation and Infiltration; Equipment Efficiency and Occupant Habits; Summary; References; Chapter 6 Wind in Building Environment Design by Qingyan Chen; Introduction; Wind Data; Design Tools; Outdoor Thermal Comfort Studies; StataCenter; A High-Rise Residential Building Complex in Beijing; Natural Ventilation Studies; Cross Ventilation in a Building; Single-Sided Ventilation in a Building; Summary; References; Chapter 7 Design of Natural Ventilation with CFD by Qingyan Chen; Introduction; Natural Ventilation Design; Outdoor Comfort and Site Planning; Summary; References; Chapter 8 Light and Shading by Leslie Norford; Daylighting; Characteristics; Benefits; Shading; Design Tools; Simple Calculations; Lighting Simulation with Radiosity and Ray-Tracing Methods; Energy Used for Lighting and HVAC; Lighting, Heating, and Cooling Energy as

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