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This book presents a compilation of state-of-the art studies on gas and vapor transport processes in porous and fractured media. A broad set of models and processes is presented, including advection/diffusion, the Dusty Gas Model, enhanced vapor diffusion, phase change, coupled processes, solid/vapor sorption, and vapor-pressure lowering. Numerous applications are also presented that illustrate these processes and models in current problems facing the scientific community.
This book fills a gap in the general area of transport in porous and fractured media - an area that has historically been dominated by studies of liquid-phase flow and transport. This book identifies gas and vapor transport processes that may be important or dominant in various applications, and it exploits recent advances in computational modeling and experimental methods to present studies that distinguish the relative importance of various mechanisms of transport in complex media.
Audience: This book offers essential reading to researchers and graduate students in soil science, hydrology, as well as civil engineering, and mechanical engineering. Also employees at government institutions, national laboratories, practicing environmental engineers and engineering consultants can find valuable information in this book. Finally it can serve as a textbook to students with a basic background in thermodynamics and fluid mechanics.
Content Level »Research
Keywords »Gas Transport - Vapor Transport - contaminant - fluid mechanics - porous media - remediation - thermodynamics
Table of Contents 1. Introduction
C.K. Ho and S.W. Webb Part 1: Processes and Models 2. Gas Transport Mechanisms
S.W. Webb 3. Vapor Transport Processes
C.K. Ho 4. Solid/Gas Partitioning
S.K. Ong 5. Two-Phase Gas Transport
S.W. Webb 6. Conservation Equations
S. Whitaker 7. Gas-Phase Dispersion in Porous Media
M.S. Costanza-Robinson and M.L. Brusseau 8. Gas Injection and Fingering in Porous Media
M. Sahimi, M. Reza Rasaei, and M. Haghighi 9. Unstable and Fingering Gas Flow in Fractures
P. Persoff 10. Natural Convection Gas Transport in Porous Media
K. Khanafer and K. Vafai 11. Scaling Issues in Porous and Fractured Media
V.C. Tidwell 12. Numerical Codes for Continuum Modeling of Gas Transport in Porous Media
K. Pruess 13. Lattice Boltzmann Method for Calculating Fluid Flow and Dispersion in Porous and Fractured Media
H.W. Stockman Part 2: Measurement and Monitoring 14. Experimental Determination of Transport Parameters
O. Solcova and P. Schneider 15. Air Permeability Measurements in Porous Media
V.C. Tidwell 16. Analyzing Barometric Pumping to Characterize Subsurface Permeability
J. Rossabi 17. Subsurface Flow Measurements
J. Rossabi 18. Measurement of Vapor Concentrations
C.K. Ho, M. Kelly and M.T. Itamura 19. In-Situ Measurement of InducedContaminant Flux
A. Tartre Part 3: Applications 20. Radon Transport
B.W. Arnold 21. Gas Transport Issues in Landmine Detection
J. Phelan 22. Environmental Remediation of Volatile Organic Compounds
R. Falta 23. Yucca Mountain Heater Tests
Y.Y.W. Chang 24. Impact of Gas Generation on the Performance of the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant
P. Vaughn 25. Oil and Gas Industry Applications of Gas Flow in Porous Media
D.J. Borns 26. Geological Carbon Sequestration: CO2 Transport in Depleted Gas Reservoirs
C.M. Oldenburg 27. Industrial Gas Transport Processes Involving Heat Transfer
O.A. Plumb Index