Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 1997, XIII, 362 p.
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A survey of recent developments in the field of plutonium disposal by the application of advanced nuclear systems, both critical and subcritical. Current national R&D plans are summarized. The actinide-fuelled critical reactors are associated with control problems, since they tend to have a small delayed neutron fraction coupled with a small Doppler effect and a positive void coefficient. Current thinking is turning to accelerator-driven subcritical systems for the transmutation of actinides. The book's conclusion is that the various systems proposed are technically feasible, even though not yet technically mature. The book presents a unique summary and evaluation of all relevant possibilities for burning surplus plutonium, presented by experts from a variety of different disciplines and interests, including the defence establishment. The obvious issue - the non-proliferation of nuclear weapons - is vital, but the matter represents a complex technological challenge that also requires an assessment in economic terms.
Content Level »Research
Keywords »Molten Salt Reactor - Plutonium - Thorium - Uran - materials - safety
1. Introduction to the Workshop; E.R. Merz. 2. View on the Problem of the Plutonium Utilization in Russia; A.M. Dmitriev. 3. Safety Aspects of Advanced Nuclear System Consuming Plutonium; E.F. Hicken. 4. Problems of Excess Plutonium Utilization in Nuclear Reactors; A.N. Chebeskov, et al. 5. Recent Neutron Physics Investigations on the Incineration of Plutonium and Other Transurania Elements; C.H.M. Broeders, et al. 6. The Benefits of an Advanced Fast Reactor Fuel Cycle for Plutonium Management; W.H. Hannum, et al. 7. Experience of SSC RF RINR on Usage of Uranium-Plutonium Oxide Fuel in Nuclear Reactors; V.B. Ivanov, et al. 8. Energy Source for the Human Demand; S. Hattori. 9. Plutonium-Based Nuclear Power and Nonproliferation; V.V. Orlov. 10. The Cost of Weapons Plutonium Disposition Through MOX Utilisation in Existing Commercial LWRs; K. Hesketh. 11. A Realistic Plutonium Elimination Scheme with Fast Energy Amplifiers and Thorium-Plutonium Fuel; C. Rubbia, et al. 12. Weapons Grade Plutonium Destruction in the Gas Turbine Modular Helium Reactor (GT-MHR); D. Alberstein. 13. Accelerator Driven Systems - Some Safety and Fuel Cycle Considerations; H. Rief, et al. 14. Advanced CANDU Systems for Plutonium Utilization; M. Salvatores, M. Delpech. 16. Burning of Weapon-Grade Plutonium in VVER and HTGR Reactors; N.N. Ponomarev-Stepnoy, et al. 17. Utilization of Excess Plutonium in Molten Salt Reactors; P.N. Alekseev, et al. 18. Accelerator-Driven Systems - A New Perspective on Fission Energy; W. Gudowski. 19. On Solving the Fissionable Materials Non-Proliferation Problem in the Closed Uranium-Thorium Cycle; V.E. Marshalkin, et al. 20. Destruction of Plutonium and Other Nuclear Waste Materials Using the Accelerator-Driven Transmutation of Waste Concept; F. Venneri. 21. Environmental and Safety Problems in Plutonium Utilization and Power Generation; L.A. Bolshov, et al. 22. Accelerator-Driven Transmutation System with Liquid Lead Cooling-Basic Conditions, Layout Goals and Results; P.-W. Phlippen. 23. Plutonium Problem and one of the Solution Techniques; Yu.A. Trutnev, et al. 24. The Utilitarian Approach to the Disposition of Plutonium; C.E. Walter. 25. Neutron Spectrum Concerning Ex-Weapon Plutonium Degradation and Plutonium Utilization in the Future; H. Sekimoto. 26. Problems of Radiochemical Reprocessing, Related to Plutonium Utilization; B. Zakharkin. 27. French Law on Waste Management Research &endash; General View on the Partitioning Program and Current State of Partitioning Studies; J. Lefevre. 28. Self-Regulating Processes in Nuclear Reactors; V.Ya. Goldin. Summaries of the Papers Presented at the Workshop. Workshop Summary and Evaluation.