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Engineering - Energy Technology | Fundamentals of Electrical Drives

Fundamentals of Electrical Drives

Series: Power Systems

Veltman, André, Pulle, Duco W.J., de Doncker, R.W.

2007, XXI, 345 p.

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  • Comprehensive user-friendly introductory text (in colour) of electrical drive systems
  • Introduction ‘ideal rotating transformer’ (IRTF-model) simplifies the understanding of electrical machine principles
  • Presentation of dynamic generic models which cover all major electrical machine types and modulation/control components of a drive
  • Dynamic and steady state analysis of transformers and electrical machines
  • Interactive learning process using ‘build and play’ simulation tutorials (Simulink® and Caspoc) provided online, which reinforce the theory presented

Electrical drives in general play a key role in power generation, household appliances, automotive and industrial applications. The rapidly expanding area of adjustable speed drives as used in robotics, wind turbines and hybrid vehicles is driven by innovations in machine design, power semi-conductors, digital signal processors and simulation software.

This brings us to the purpose of this book namely to help students and engineers appreciate and understand the fundamental concepts of modern electrical drives. An interactive learning approach is taken in this text: theory and calculations are augmented by generic models which are transposed to a simulation platform. The 'build and play' method used in this text visualizes the dynamic operation of a comprehensive set of modules ranging from an inductance to a novel 'ideal rotating transformer' (IRTF). This module is at the center of the generic models used in this text to explore the dynamic and steady state operation of grid and converter fed induction, synchronous and DC machines. The section on modulation and control emphasizes the role of power electronics and digital signal processors in drives. Downloadable files that accompany this text have an extensive set of 'build and play' tutorials, in Simulink R° and Caspoc. The latter is a simulation platform which allows direct access to the 'build and play' modules, without further licensing needs. All figures in this text are included in the downloadable files in order to help with the preparation of customized Power Point type lecture material.

Fundamentals of Electrical Drives is for readers with a basic engineering knowledge who have a need or desire to comprehend and apply the theory and simulation methods which are applied by drive specialist throughout the world.

Content Level » Research

Keywords » Performance - Transit - Turbine - control - modeling - power generation - robot - robotics - simulation

Related subjects » Energy - Energy Technology - Mechanical Engineering - Robotics - Theoretical Computer Science

Table of contents 

Dedication. Foreword. Preface. Acknowledgments. Symbol conventions. 1. INTRODUCTION. 1.1 Why use electro-mechanical energy conversion? 1.2 Key components of an Electrical drive system. 1.3 What characterizes high performance drives? 1.4 Notational conventions. 1.5 Use of building blocks to represent equations. 1.6 Magnetic principles. 1.7 Machine sizing principles. 1.8 Tutorials for Chapter 1. 2. SIMPLE ELECTRO-MAGNETIC CIRCUITS. 2.1 Introduction. 2.2 Linear inductance. 2.3 Coil resistance. 2.4 Magnetic saturation. 2.5 Use of phasors for analyzing linear circuits. 2.6 Tutorials for Chapter 2. 3. THE TRANSFORMER. 3.1 Introduction. 3.2 Ideal transformer (ITF) concept. 3.3 Basic transformer. 3.4 Transformer with magnetizing inductance. 3.5 Steady-state analysis. 3.6 Three inductance model. 3.7 Two inductance models. 3.8 Mutual and self inductance based model. 3.9 Two inductance model with coil resistance. 3.10 Tutorials for Chapter 3. 4. THREE-PHASE CIRCUITS. 4.1 Introduction. 4.2 Star/Whye connected circuit. 4.3 Delta connected circuit. 4.4 Space vectors. 4.5 Amplitude and power invariant space vectors. 4.6 Application of space vectors for three-phase circuit analysis. 4.7 Relationship between space vectors and phasors. 4.8 Tutorials for Chapter 4. 5. CONCEPT OF REAL AND REACTIVE POWER. 5.1 Introduction. 5.2 Power in single phase systems. 5.3 Power in three phase systems. 5.4 Phasor representation of real and reactive power. 5.5 Tutorials for Chapter 5. 6. SPACE VECTOR BASED TRANSFORMER MODELS. 6.1 Introduction. 6.2 Development of a space vector based ITF model. 6.3 Two-phase ITF based generalized transformer model. 6.4 Tutorials for Chapter 6. 7. INTRODUCTION TO ELECTRICAL MACHINES. 7.1 Introduction. 7.2 Ideal Rotating Transformer (IRTF) concept. 7.3 Conditions required to realize constant torque. 7.4 General machine model. 7.5 Tutorials for Chapter 7. 8. VOLTAGESOURCECONNECTEDSYNCHRONOUS MACHINES. 8.1 Introduction. 8.2 Machine configuration. 8.3 Operating principles. 8.4 Symbolic model. 8.5 Generalized symbolic model. 8.6 Steady-state characteristics. 8.7 Tutorials for Chapter 8. 9. VOLTAGESOURCECONNECTEDASYNCHRONOUS MACHINES. 9.1 Introduction. 9.2 Machine configuration. 9.3 Operating principles. 9.4 Symbolic model, simplified version. 9.5 Generalized symbolic model. 9.6 Steady-state analysis. 9.7 Tutorials for Chapter 9. 10. DIRECT CURRENT MACHINES. 10.1 Introduction. 10.2 Machine configuration. 10.3 Operating principles. 10.4 Symbolic model, simplified form. 10.5 General symbolic DC machine model. 10.6 Steady-state characteristics. 10.7 Tutorials for Chapter 10. 11. ANALYSIS OF A SIMPLE DRIVE SYSTEM. 11.1 Introduction. 11.2 Basic single phase uni-polar ‘drive’ circuit. 11.3 Basic single phase bipolar ‘drive’ circuit. 11.4 Control algorithm. 11.5 Tutorials for Chapter 11. Appendices. A Concept of sinusoidal distributed windings. B Generic module library. References. Index.

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