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State of the art in modelling, simulation and optimization of biped walking
Well structured book presenting a hot interdisciplinary research topic involving Robotics, Biomechanics, Physiology, Orthopedics, Psychology, Neurosciences, Sport, Computer Graphics and Applied Mathematics
Written by experts in the field
The model-based investigation of motions of anthropomorphic systems is an important interdisciplinary research topic involving specialists from many fields such as Robotics, Biomechanics, Physiology, Orthopedics, Psychology, Neurosciences, Sports, Computer Graphics and Applied Mathematics. This book presents a study of basic locomotion forms such as walking and running is of particular interest due to the high demand on dynamic coordination, actuator efficiency and balance control. Mathematical models and numerical simulation and optimization techniques are explained, in combination with experimental data, which can help to better understand the basic underlying mechanisms of these motions and to improve them. Example topics treated in this book are
Modeling techniques for anthropomorphic bipedal walking systems
Optimized walking motions for different objective functions
Identification of objective functions from measurements
Simulation and optimization approaches for humanoid robots
Biologically inspired control algorithms for bipedal walking
Generation and deformation of natural walking in computer graphics
Imitation of human motions on humanoids
Emotional body language during walking
Simulation of biologically inspired actuators for bipedal walking machines
Modeling and simulation techniques for the development of prostheses
Trajectory-Based Dynamic Programming.- Use of Compliant Actuators in Prosthetic Feet and the Design of the AMP-Foot 2.0.- Modeling and Optimization of Human Walking.- Online CPG-based gait monitoring and optimal control of the ankle joint for assisted walking in hemiplegic subjects.- The combined role of motion-related cues and upper body posture for the expression of emotions during human walking.- Whole Body Motion Control Framework for Arbitrarily and Simultaneously Assigned Upper-Body Tasks and Walking Motion.- Structure preserving optimal control of three-dimensional compass gait.- Quasi-Straightened Knee Walking for the Humanoid Robot.- Modeling and Control of Dynamically Walking Bipedal Robots.- In humanoid robots, as in humans, bipedal standing should come before bipedal walking: implementing the Functional Reach Test.- A new optimization criterion introducing the muscle stretch velocity in the muscular redundancy problem: a first step into the modeling of spastic muscle.- Forward and Inverse Optimal Control of Bipedal Running.- Locomotion Synthesis for Digital Actors.- Whole-Body Motion Synthesis with LQP-based Controller – Application to iCub.- Walking and running: how leg compliance shapes the way we move.- Modeling and simulation of walking with a mobile gait rehabilitation system using markerless motion data.- Optimization and Imitation Problems for Humanoid Robots.- Motor Control and Spinal Pattern Generators in Humans.- Modeling Human-Like Joint Behavior with Mechanical and Active Stiffness.- Geometry and Biomechanics for Locomotion Synthesis and Control.