Nanotechnology for Enhancing In-Situ Recovery and Upgrading of Oil and Gas Processing
Nassar, Nashaat N., Cortés, Farid B. (Eds.)
2016, X, 250 p. 55 illus., 5 illus. in color.
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Translates the findings from research studies in nanoscience and nanotechnology into potential practical applications relating to heavy oil upgrading and recovery enhancement
Provides an overview of current applications and highlights future prospects and challenges in the gas and oil industry regarding the use of nanotechnology
Includes several examples of environmental applications of nanoparticles
This book assesses the current application of nanotechnology in oil and gas industries and explores new research directions in this frontier field. It outlines the theory and practical challenges of the nanoparticle colloidal behavior in oil matrixes and aqueous solutions, the interactions between rock and nanofluid, and the surface phenomena relevant to the application of this technology. The book also describes the transport behavior of nanoparticles in oil/sand media for in-situ upgrading and recovery of heavy oil.
Currently, the main objectives of applying nanoscale materials in oil and gas industries are the remediation of formation damage, the improvement of energy efficiency, the abatement of environmental footprints and the increment of recovery factors of oil reservoirs, to name a few. The book consists of six chapters with contributions by leading experts in the topics of fabrication methods, opportunities and challenges in the oil & gas industry, modeling and application of nanofluids in the field and environmental applications of nanoparticles.
The growing demand for oil has led to the need to exploit unconventional oil resources, such as heavy and extra-heavy crude oil. However, in the current context, upgrading and recovery of heavy oil are highly energy and water intensive, which consequently results in environmental impacts. Therefore, it is necessary to search for new ideas and alternatives in the field of in-situ and ex-situ upgrading and recovery to improve current technologies and make them both environmentally sound and cost-effective.
Research conducted by the authors and numerous other researchers has shown that nanoparticle technology could be successfully employed for enhancing the upgrading and recovery of heavy oil with cost-effective and environmentally friendly approaches. Examples on the applications of nanoparticles in heavy oil include the adsorption, oxidation, and gasification/cracking of asphaltenes, a problematic constituent present in heavy oils; in-situ upgrading of the Athabasca bitumen by multi-metallic in-situ prepared nanocatalysts; the inhibition of precipitation and deposition; and the enhanced perdurability against asphaltene damage in oil sands porous media by injection of nanofluids; sequestration of oil from spilled emulsions by nanoparticle supported alumina etc.
Content Level »Research
Keywords »Application of Nanofluids - Cracking and Gasification of Asphaltenes - Determination of Reservoir Saturations - Environmental Applications of Nanoparticles - Eor/Ior - Formation Damage Remediation - Heavy Oil Upgrading - Nanotechnology in Oil Industry - Recovery Enhancement - Remediation of Oil Spills - Wettability Alteration
Introduction to Nanoscience and Nanotechnology.- Fabrication Methods.- Oil and Gas Industry: Opportunities and Challenges.- Heavy Oil In-situ Upgrading and Recovery Enhancement.- Modeling and Application of Nanofluids in the Field: A Pilot Test in Cupiagua Well.- Environmental Applications of Nanoparticles.- Opportunities and Challenges Facing Nanotechnology in the Oil Industry.