Sykes, David, Tocci, Gregory C., Cavanaugh, William J. (Eds.)
2013, IX, 72 p. 11 illus. in color.
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Adopted by the International Code Council and the US Green Building Council’s "LEED for Healthcare" as the sole reference standard for acoustics in health care facilities
Provides detailed tables of minimum acoustical specifications for construction and assessment of health care environments
Provides a quick guide for acoustical consultants, architects, and health care professionals
Written by a joint committee authorized by three leading professional societies in acoustics: the Acoustical Society of America (ASA), the Institute of Noise Control Engineering (INCE) and the National Council of Acoustical Consultants (NCAC)
Sound, vibration, noise and privacy have significant impacts on health and performance. As a result, they are recognized as essential components of effective health care environments. However, acoustics has only recently become a prominent consideration in the design, construction, and operation of healthcare facilities owing to the absence, prior to 2010, of clear and objective guidance based on research and best practices. Sound & Vibration 2.0 is the first publication to comprehensively address this need.
Sound & Vibration 2.0 is the sole reference standard for acoustics in health care facilities and is recognized by: the 2010 FGI Guidelines for the Design and Construction of Health Care Facilities (used in 60 countries); the US Green Building Council’s LEED for Health Care (used in 87 countries); The Green Guide for Health Care V2.2; and the International Code Council (2011). Sound & Vibration 2.0 was commissioned by the Facility Guidelines Institute in 2005, written by the Health Care Acoustics Working Group (a permanent committee of the Acoustics Research Council [ARC], comprised of members of leading professional societies in acoustics, noise control engineering, acoustical consulting and related professions) and published in 2010 by the Facility Guidelines Institute and the American Hospital Association, ASHE division. ARC organized the 520-member health care Working Group in 2004-5 drawing its members from ten constituencies that range from medicine to law, public policy, architecture, design and engineering in order to provide constructive, guidance on sound and vibration based on research and best practices.
Sensible acoustical and privacy planning in the early design stages of a healthcare facility project can be solved effectively and affordably with a few strokes of the designer's pencil. The recommended minimum design requirements presented in this work are intended to aid designers in achieving satisfactory acoustical and privacy environments in healthcare facilities. This handbook includes comprehensive, practical, and measureable guidelines for all aspects of acoustics in the design, construction, and evaluation of all types of healthcare facilities, including large general hospitals, specialized patient care facilities, and ambulatory patient care facilities.
Content Level »Professional/practitioner
Keywords »2010 FGI Guidelines - ANSI S12 WG44 - Acoustics Research Council - Acoustics of Healthcare Facilities - Architectural Acoustics - Design of Healthcare Facilities - Healthcare Noise, Vibration and Privacy - Noise and Health - Sound & Vibration 2.0 - Speech Privacy
Note to Readers:.- Table of Contents.- Introduction.- Process Overview & Acknowledgements.- Development Timeline.- 1 Site Exterior Noise.- 1.1 General.- 1.2 Applicable Federal, State, and Local Codes and Regulations.- 1.3 Classification of non-facility produced exterior noise exposure.- 1.3.1 Exterior noise classifications.- A1.3 Procedure for determining composite sound transmission class rating (STCc) .- 1.4 Classification of facility produced exterior noise exposure.- 1.4.1 Heliports.- 1.4.2 Emergency power generators.- 1.4.3 Outdoor mechanical equipment.- 1.4.4 Building services.- 2 Acoustical Finishes and Details.- 2.1 General.- 2.2 Applicable Federal, State and Local Codes and Regulations.- 2.3 Design Criteria for Acoustical Finishes.- A2.3 Determination of Design Room Average Sound Absorption Coefficient ( design) and Room Sound Absorption Factors (AR, sf).- 2.4 Considerations for NICUs (from Standard 21: Ceiling Finishes).- A2.4.2 Interpretation:.- 3 Room Noise Levels.- 3.1 General.- 3.2 Federal, State and Local Codes, Regulations, and Guidelines.- 3.3 Design Criteria for Room Noise Levels.- 3.4 Conformance measurements of room sound level.- A3.4.1 Determination of Room Noise Level.- A3.4.2 Effect of Background Noise on Clinical Hearing Ability.- A3.4.3 Discussion of Background Noise Rating Criteria.- 3.5 Considerations for NICUs (from Standard 23: Acoustic Environment) .- A3.5.1 Interpretation:.- A3.5.2 Interpretation:.- 4 Sound Isolation Performance of Constructions.- 4.1 General.- 4.2 Applicable Federal, State and Local Codes and Regulation.- 4.3 Design guidelines for sound isolation between enclosed rooms.- A4.3.1 Typical partitions.- A4.3.2 Extraordinary partitions.- A4.3.3 Composite Sound Transmission Class (STCc).- 4.4 Design guidelines for speech privacy between enclosed rooms.- A4.4 Enclosed Room Speech Privacy Design Guidance.- 4.5 Design guidelines for speech privacy in open-plan spaces.- 4.5 Open Plan Speech Privacy Design Guidance.- 4.6.1 Considerations for NICUs (from Standard 23: Acoustic Environment).- 4.6.2 Considerations for NICUs (from Standard 23: Acoustic Environment).- Speech Privacy References:.- A4.6 Interpretation:.- 5 Paging & Call Systems, Clinical Alarms, Masking Systems & Sound Reinforcement.- 5.1 General.- 5.2 Applicable Federal, State and Local Codes and Regulation.- 5.3 Paging and Call Systems.- 5.4 Clinical alarms.- A5.4 Audibility of tonal alarms.- 5.5 Masking Systems.- 5.6 Sound Reinforcement.- 5.7 Considerations for NICUs (from Standard 23: Acoustic Environment) .- A5.7 Interpretation:.- References.- 6 Building Vibration.- 6.1 General.- 6.2 Applicable Federal, State and Local Codes and Design Guides.- 6.3 Vibration Control and Isolation.- 6.3.1 Mechanical, Electrical and Plumbing Equipment (MEP) .- 6.3.2 Structural.- 6.3.3 Structureborne sound.- 6.3.4 Medical and laboratory instrumentation.- Glossary.- Partial List of Abbreviations.- References.- New references:.