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Energy - Systems, Storage and Harvesting | Harnessing Solar Heat

Harnessing Solar Heat

Series: Lecture Notes in Energy, Vol. 18

Norton, Brian

2014, XVII, 258 p. 193 illus., 7 illus. in color.

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  • Covers all applications of solar heat
  • Solar heat applications set in climate contexts
  • Extensive diagrams that include analytical frameworks
  • Offers a Global perspective
  • Multiple perspectives; technical, historic, commercial
  • Extensive list of references

Systems engineered by man to harness solar heat in a controlled manner now include a diverse range of technologies each serving distinctive needs in particular climate contexts.  This text covers the breadth of solar energy technologies for the conversion of solar energy to provide heat, either as the directly-used output or as an intermediary to other uses such as power generation or cooling.  It is a wholly updated, extended and revised version of “Solar Energy Thermal Technology” first published in 1992.  The text draws on the own author’s research and that of numerous colleagues and collaborators at Cranfield University, University of Ulster, Dublin Institute of Technology, Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi and University of Nigeria.

The initial chapters deal with relevant fundamental aspects of solar energy meteorology, radiative heat transfer, material properties and energy storage.  Solar energy collectors are discussed in detail before a set of chapters deal with each of the full range of applications.  The early chapters consider: the solar energy resource, its distribution in geographical, spectral, skyward geometrical and temporal domains; the physics of solar energy absorption, transmission and loss at surfaces; and techniques for storing collected solar energy.  Specific collector sub-systems are then discussed in chapters seven to nine. For each system, practical issues are discussed and a proven analytical procedure for predicting performance described.  Similarly analyses are presented in the concluding chapters on solar energy systems.  These range from dryers to greenhouses to systems that render buildings solar energy systems in themselves and the associated design issues.

The context for any use of solar energy is the prevailing climate.  This text, being global in scope, definates the most appropriate regions for particular technologies and applications.  It is a research-orientated academic work citing publications on the peer-reviewed literature covering engineering and applied science topics intended both for student use, as a reference tool for teaching solar energy and for those researching solar thermal applications in universities, industry or national/commercial laboratories.  Insight into the challenges of implementation including practical constraints and operational considerations are provided to aid those undertaking feasibility studies, technical assistance, training assignments or operating testing facilities.

Content Level » Research

Keywords » Heat Transfer - Optics in Solar collectors - Photovoltaics - Solar Collectors - Solar Energy - Solar buildings - Solar energy applications - Solar heat

Related subjects » Applied & Technical Physics - Energy Technology - Renewable and Green Energy - Systems, Storage and Harvesting

Table of contents 

Chapter 1 Introduction.

Chapter 2 The Solar Energy Resource.
2.1  Overview.
2.2  Terrestrial Measurement of Solar Energy.
2.3  Prediction of Solar Energy.
2.4  Use of satellite information to produce solar energy data.
2.5  Solar Radiation Utilisability.
2.6  Daylight data.
2.7  Geographical Availability of solar energy.
2.8  Solar Geometry.
2.9  Calculating solar energy incident on inclined planes.
2.10  Skyward distribution of diffuse insolation.

Chapter 3  Optics and Heat Transfer in Solar Collectors.
3.1  Overview.
3.2  Glass.
3.3  Plastic Materials.
3.4  Transmittance of Solar Energy.
3.5  Flat reflectors.
3.6  Parabolic reflectors.
3.7  Heat transfer in line-axis concentrators.
3.8  Collector absorbers.
3.9  Collector insulation.

Chapter 4  Solar Energy Storage.
4.1  Overview.
4.2 Sensible heat storage.
4.3 Latent heat storage.

Chapter 5 Flat-Plate and Evacuated tube Collectors.
5.1  Overview.
5.2  Air-Heating Flat-Plate Collectors.
5.3  Water-Heating Flat-Plate Collectors.
5.4  Evacuated-Tube Collectors.
5.5  Rating Tests for Solar Collectors.
5.6  Architectural integration.

Chapter 6 Use of heat from, and thermal management of, photovoltaics.
6.1  Overview.
6.2  Water heating photovoltaic-thermal collectors.
6.3  Air heating photovoltaic-thermal collectors.
6.4  Thermal management of photovoltaics.

Chapter 7 Solar thermal power generation and industrial process heat.
7.1  Overview.
7.2  Parabolic trough systems.
7.3  Heliostat Systems.
7.4  Dish Stirling systems.
7.5  Non-Convecting Solar Pond.
7.6  Industrial Process Heat.

Chapter 8 Solar Water Heating and Combisystems.
8.1  Overview.
8.2  Integral Passive Solar Water Heaters.
8.3  Distributed Solar Energy Water Heaters.
8.4  Photovoltaic solar water heaters.
8.5  Freeze Protection. Antifreeze, drain down. Drain-back (Tecsol, France).
8.6  System testing methods.

Chapter 9 Solar Drying.
9.1  Overview.
9.2  Open-to-Sun (“Natural”) Drying.
9.3  Integral-Type Active Solar Energy Dryers.
9.4  Natural-Circulation Solar Energy Dryers.
9.5  Analysis of an Integral Solar Dryer.
9.6  Fan-driven solar dryers.
9.7 Solar Cooling.

Chapter 10 Solar Cooling, Refrigeration and Desalination.
10.1  Overview.
10.2  Thermal Refrigeration and Space Cooling.
10.3  Photovoltaic Powered Refrigeration.
10.4  Overview.
10.5  Passive Solar Stills.
10.6  Reserve Osmosis.
10.7  Multi-effect systems.

Chapter 11 Greenhouses.
11.1  Overview.
11.2  Greenhouse Materials.
11.3  Mathematical Modelling the Internal Environment in a Greenhouse.
11.4  Auxillary Heating, environmental costs and energy storage in Greenhouses.

Chapter 12 Passive and Hybrid Solar Design of Buildings.
12.1  Overview.
12.2 Solar Access.
12.3  Passive Feature for Temperate Climates.
12.4  Auxiliary Heating and Controls in Passive Solar Buildings.
12.5  Passive Features for Hot Climates.

References. Subject Index.

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Distribution rights for India: Delhi Book Store, New Delhi, India

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