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Education & Language - Linguistics | Morphotactics - Basque Auxiliaries and the Structure of Spellout


Basque Auxiliaries and the Structure of Spellout

Arregi, Karlos, Nevins, Andrew

2012, XX, 420 p.

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  • Includes comprehensive treatment of markedness and second-position phenomena within Distributed Morphology
  • Discusses synthesis of diverse existing cross-linguistic morphology research into a coherent and predictive theory
  • Contains monograph-length treatment of an entire inflectional system​

This comprehensive treatment of several phenomena in Distributed Morphology explores a number of topics of high relevance to current linguistic theory. It examines the structure of the syntactic and postsyntactic components of word formation, and the role of hierarchical, featural, and linear restrictions within the auxiliary systems of several varieties of Basque.

The postsyntactic component is modeled as a highly articulated system that accounts for what is shared and what exhibits variation across Basque dialects. The emphasis is on a principled ordering of postsyntactic operations based on their intrinsic properties, and on the relationship between representations in the Spellout component of grammar with other grammatical modules. The analyses in the book treat related phenomena in other languages and thereby have much to offer for a general morphology readership, as well as those interested in the syntax-morphology interface, the theory of Distributed Morphology, and Basque.

Content Level » Research

Keywords » Allomorphy - Basque dialects - Biscayan dialect - Clitic placement - Distributed Morphology - Lekeitio dialect - Morphological word - Morphosyntactic markedness - Ondarru dialect - Postsyntactic component - Syntax morphology - Word formation

Related subjects » Linguistics

Table of contents 

1 Introduction: The Structure of Spellout

1.1 Major Claims of This Book

1.2 Distributed Morphology and the Division of Labor in Word Formation

1.2.1 An Overview of the Serial and Modular Components

1.2.2 An Overview of DM Elements and Operations

1.3 The Basque Language

1.3.1 Geographic and Demographic Background

1.3.2 Orthography and Other Conventions in Representing Basque Sentences

1.3.3 Sources of Data

1.4 Brief Overview of Basque Syntax and Morphology

1.4.1 Argument Structure and Case

1.4.2 The Syntax and Morphology of DPs

1.4.3 The Syntax of Auxiliaries: T, C, and Agreement

1.4.4 The Syntax of Auxiliaries and Pronominal Clitics

1.4.5 Other Aspects of Verbal Syntax

1.5 Overview of the Book

 2 The Syntax of Cliticization and Agreement

2.1 Introduction

2.2 Clitic Placement

2.2.1 Clitic Generation

2.2.2 Clitic Movement

2.2.3 Alternative Analyses of Cliticization

2.2.4 Summary: The Syntax of Cliticization

2.3 The Person-Case Constraint and Absolutive Promotion

2.3.1 The Person-Case Constraint in Basque

2.3.2 Absolutive Promotion

2.3.3 Movement Verbs and PCC Effects

2.3.4 Other PCC Repairs

2.4 Agreement

2.4.1 Multiple Agree

2.4.2 Agree-Copy

2.4.3 Complementizer Agreement

2.4.4 Summary: The Syntax of Agreement

2.5 Default Agreement

2.6 Complementizers Within the Auxiliary Complex

2.7 Conclusion: Cliticization vs. Agreement

3 The Morphophonology of Basque Finite Auxiliaries

3.1 Introduction

3.2 Vocabulary Insertion

3.2.1 Contextual Restrictions and Linear Adjacency

3.2.2 Competition Among Vocabulary Entries

3.3 Clitic Realization in the Morphophonology

3.3.1 Clitics and Morpheme Order in the Auxiliary

3.3.2 The Realization of Clitics

3.3.3 Dative Clitics and Dative Flags

3.3.4 Plural Fission

3.3.5 On the Absence of Third Person Absolutive Clitics

3.3.6 On Plural Morphology in Basque Finite Verbs

3.4 The Realization of Agreement on T

3.4.1 Allomorphy in the Context of Ergative and Dative Clitics

3.4.2 Lekeitio

3.4.3 Ondarru and Zamudio

3.4.4 Multiple Agreement in Lekeitio

3.4.5 Summary

3.5 The Realization of Auxiliary Morphemes in Previous Accounts

3.6 Phonological Rules

3.6.1 Morpheme-Specific Rules

3.6.2 Syllabification and Related Processes

3.6.3 Other Phonological Processes

3.6.4 Rule Interaction

3.6.5 Rules that Apply Across Word Boundaries

3.6.6 Summary

3.7 Conclusion

4 Deletion Operations Targeting Morphological Markedness

4.1 Introduction

4.2 Distinctions Among Types of Postsyntactic Deletion Operations

4.3 Paradigmatic Markedness

4.3.1 Formal/Colloquial Neutralization

4.3.2 Paradigmatic Impoverishment in First Singular Clitics

4.4 Syntagmatic Markedness

4.4.1 Dissimilatory Deletion

4.4.2 3/3 Effects

4.5 On the Nonlinearity of Impoverishment

4.6 Participant Dissimilation

4.6.1 Ondarru

4.6.2 Zamudio

4.6.3 Other Varieties

4.6.4 On the Potential Diachronic Origins of Impoverishment Rules

4.7 Plural Clitic Impoverishment

4.8 A Concise Summary of All Impoverishment Rules Proposed

4.9 Impoverishment in the Light of Crossmodular Structural Parallelism

 5 Linearity-Based Morphotactics

5.1 Introduction

5.2 Generalized Reduplication and Constraints on Morpheme Order

5.2.1 Metathesis and Doubling in Spanish Agreement Morphology

5.2.2 Noninitiality, Metathesis, and Allomorph Selection in Old Irish

5.2.3 Noninitiality in Nonclausal Domains in Amharic and Lithuanian

5.2.4 Nonfinality and Morphological Epenthesis in Italian Infinitives

5.2.5 Multiple Wh-Movement and Constraints on Distance to the Edge

5.2.6 Morpheme-Specific Ordering Constraints in Athapaskan

5.2.7 Interim Conclusion

5.3 The Linearization of Plural Clitics

5.3.1 Absolutive Clitics and Local Plural Metathesis

5.3.2 Long-Distance Plural Metathesis and Doubling

5.3.3 Other Linear Operations Affecting Plural Clitics

5.3.4 Summary: Plural Morphemes and Linearization

5.4 Ergative Metathesis and Related Phenomena in Basque Finite Auxiliaries

5.4.1 Noninitiality and Ergative Metathesis

5.4.2 Ergative Doubling

5.4.3 L-Support

5.4.4 Ergative Metathesis and Doubling of Third Person Clitics

5.4.5 Summary: Noninitiality and Its Repairs

5.5 Ergative Metathesis as a Metathetic Phenomenon

5.6 Additional Repairs to T-Noninitiality

5.6.1 Dative Doubling in Oñati

5.6.2 A Typology of Dative Displacements

5.6.3 Allocutive Metathesis and Doubling

5.7 Linearization and Hierarchical Relations

5.7.1 Hierachical Relations in the Linear Operations Component

5.7.2 Root Reduplication in Ondarru  

5.7.3 Modal Particles and T-Noninitiality

5.8 Conclusion

6 Rule Interaction in a Serial and Modular Architecture

6.1 Introduction

6.2 Testing the Predicted Interactions

6.2.1 Promotion and Dissimilation: Feeding and Counterbleeding

6.2.2 Absolutive Promotion Opaquely Feeds Ergative Metathesis

6.2.3 Participant Dissimilation Feeds Ergative Metathesis

6.2.4 Participant Dissimilation Bleeds Ergative Metathesis

6.2.5 Participant Dissimilation Bleeds Root Reduplication

6.2.6 Promotion, Dissimilation, and Metathesis

6.3 Conclusion: Predictions of a Modular and Derivational Theory

7 Concluding Themes

7.1 Introduction

7.2 Distinguishing Types of Exponents

7.2.1 Plural Marking as a Microcosm of DM Operations

7.2.2 A Recap: Why Clitics and Agreement Must Be Distinguished in Basque

7.3 Crossmodular Structural Parallelism

7.3.1 Formalism and Features: Fission in Phonology and Morphology

7.3.2 Formalism and Features: Markedness and Impoverishment

7.3.3 Formalism: Metathesis/Reduplication in Morphology and Phonology

7.3.4 Architectural Formalism: Lexical Phonology and Modular Organization

7.3.5 Interim Conclusion

7.4 On the Methodological Cycle Between Cross-Dialectal Breadth and Depth

A Indicative Auxiliary Paradigms

B Dialect Classification


Name Index

Subject Index

Language Index (including Basque varieties)

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