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Education & Language - Linguistics | Understanding Morphological Rules - With Special Emphasis on Conversion and Subtraction in Bulgarian,

Understanding Morphological Rules

With Special Emphasis on Conversion and Subtraction in Bulgarian, Russian and Serbo-Croatian

Series: Studies in Morphology, Vol. 1

Manova, Stela

2011, XX, 240 p.

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  • Presents a theory of conversion and subtraction relevant to languages with rich inflectional morphology.
  • Details a theoretical framework that is accessible/translatable into other frameworks, making it suitable for use in Slavic languages as well as for general linguists.
  • Handles the morphological analyses of traditional Slavic sources (written in different Slavic languages) in an innovative way and situates them in the current morphological debates
This volume analyzes morphological and morphonological phenomena from a number of distinct Slavic languages. It does so in an innovative manner, yet also positions the analysis in the context of current morphological debates. It is thus a valuable contribution both to comparative Slavic morphology and general morphological theory. Moreover, the book is the first attempt at a theory of conversion and subtraction relevant to languages with rich inflectional morphology. It contributes to our structural understanding of the nature of word. As the first illustration of subtraction with examples from southern Slavic languages, it is an excellent source of specialist data. The book’s theoretical framework is easily accessible and applicable to other languages, which makes it attractive to researchers on Slavic languages and general linguists alike. The volume will also appeal to general morphologists, typologists, and advanced students in linguistics.

Content Level » Research

Keywords » Slavic languages - Slavic morphology - cognitive grammar - conversion - inflection - linguistics - morphological analyses - morphology - subtraction - syntax

Related subjects » Linguistics

Table of contents 

1. Preliminaries. 1.1 Introduction . 1.1.1. Conversion and Subtraction in Slavic: History of Research . 1.1.2 Organization of the Book . 1.2. Bulgarian, Russian, and Serbo-Croatian . 1.2.1. Phonological and Morphonological Features . 1.2.2. Morphological Features . 1.3. Word as  Basic Linguistic Unit .1.4  Word-, Stem- and Root-Based Morphology . 1.5 Thematic Markers, Aspectual Suffixes and Root Extensions .- 2. Theoretical Background . 2.1 Natural Morphology . 2.1.1 Universal Naturalness . 2.1.2 Typological Adequacy . 2.1.3 System-Dependent Naturalness 2.2 Cognitive Linguistics (CL). 2.3 Prototype Theory (PT): Prototypes and Clines . 2.4 Morphological Techniques . 2.5 Derivation-Inflection Continuum .- 3. Conversion . 3.1 Terminology . 3.2. Definition . 3.3 Delimiting Conversion 3.3.1 Homophony, Polysemy, Metaphor, Metonymy . 3.3.2 Conversion and Related Techniques . 3.4 Direction of Conversion . 3.4.1. Marchand’s Criteria . 3.4.2. Criteria by Other Author’s . 3.4.3 Conversion with a Clear Direction . 3.4.4 Reversible Conversion vs. Cross-Linguistic Semantic Pattern . 3.5 Classification of Conversion . 3.5.1 Conversion in Derivation . 3.5.2 Conversion in Inflection . 3.5.3 Syntactic Conversion . 3.6 Conclusion .- 4. Subtraction . 4.1 Terminology and Definition . 4.2 Delimiting Subtraction . 4.2.1 Phonological  Shortening . 4.2.2 Backformation . 4.2.3 Haplology . 4.2.4 Hypocoristics . 4.2.5 Clipping . 4.2.6 Blends . 4.2.7 Acronyms . 4.2.8 Subtraction of Meaning . 4.2.9 Zero Sign . 4.2.10 Truncation . 4.3 Subtraction and Rule Inversion: Ethnicity Terms . 4.4 Classification of Subtraction . 4.4.1 Subtraction in Derivation . 4.4.2 Subtraction in Inflection . 4.5 Conclusion .- 5. Typological and Language-Specific Adequacy of Conversion and Subtraction . 5.1 Typological Adequacy of Conversion and Subtraction . 5.2 Language-Specific Adequacy of Conversion and Subtraction . 5.2.1 Conversion as a Language-Specific Morphological Technique . 5.2.2 Subtraction as a Language-Specific Morphological Technique . 5.3 Conclusion .- 6. Conclusions .- Appendix A: Bulgarian Noun Inflection .- Appendix B: Bulgarian Adjective Inflection .- Appendix C: Bulgarian Verb Inflection (Synthetic Forms) .-Appendix D: Russian Noun Inflection .- Appendix E: Russian Adjective Inflection .- Appendix F: Russian Verb Inflection .- Appendix G: Serbo-Croatian Noun Inflection .- Appendix H: Serbo-Croatian Adjective Inflection .- Appendix I: Serbo-Croatian Verb Inflection (synthetic forms) .- References .- Author Index .- Subject Index

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