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Education & Language - Linguistics | Inner Aspect - The Articulation of VP

Inner Aspect

The Articulation of VP

Travis, Lisa deMena

2010, XII, 308p.

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  • Argues for a new phrase structure
  • Presents data from less well documented languages (in particular Malagasy) to support this view
  • Uses cross-linguistic comparisons

This monograph probes the structure of the verb phrase through a cross-linguistic investigation of the syntax and morphology of relevant constructions. In particular, the author provides evidence for two event-related non-lexical projections called "inner aspect" and "event". The former is found within the verb phrase and encodes information on the endpoint of an event. The latter is found at the edge of the verb phrase and demarcates the boundary of a particular domain of syntax, L-syntax. Although languages vary in their use of these projections and in the way they encode the endpoints of events, the author argues that the comparison of a number of languages and the analysis of a range of constructions results in the emergence of a consistent picture.

While much of the discussion involves Austronesian languages such as Malagasy and Tagalog, other languages such as French, Spanish, Swedish, Scots Gaelic, Chinese, Japanese, Navajo, Slave, and Kalagan are discussed. Syntactic and morphological data from these languages are used to illuminate the details of the phrase structure of the verbal predicate. These data also aid in understanding how phrase structure is used to express certain facets of language, such as event structure, aspectual verb classes, productive and lexical causatives, derived objects, agents and causes, and coerced structures.

Content Level » Research

Keywords » Morpheme - Morphological - Syntax - aspect - morphology - objects - semantics - syntactic - verb phrase

Related subjects » Linguistics

Table of contents 

Introduction.-1.1 Aspect and Syntax.1.2Inner Aspect.1.3 Other Claims.1.4 Some Consequences. 1.5 A Note of Methodology.- Inner Derived Objects. 2.1 Introduction.2.2 Background. 2.3 Early Proposals. 2.4 Two Object Positions. 2.5 Objects Within the VP. 2.6 Conclusion.- Inner Aspect and Event. 3.1 Introduction. 3.2 Arguing for Inner Aspect. 3.3 Arguing for the Existence of Event. 3.4 Partial A-Movement. 3.5 Conclusion.- Event Structure and Phrase Structure. 4.1 Introduction. 4.2 Preparing the Ground. 4.3 Semantics in the Syntax. 4.4 The Syntax of Event Structure. 4.5 Language Variation. 4.6 Conclusion.- Interaction of Objects and Aspect. 5.1 The Interaction of Case and Aspect. 5.2 The Position of Incremental Themes. 5.3 Conclusion.- L-Syntax and S-Syntax. 6.1 Background. 6.2 Causatives. 6.3. Empty Anaphors in Tagalog. 6.4 Where and What is L-Syntax? 6.5 L-Syntax and the Lexicon. 6.6 Summary. 6.7 Discontinuous Lexical Items. 6.8 The Lexicon and Lexical Categories. 6.9 Conclusion.- The Syntax of Achievements.7.1 Introduction. 7.2 The Semantic Problem. 7.3 The Shape of Achievements.7.4External Arguments and LCS.7.5 Conclusion.- Bounds and Coercion. 8.1 Introduction. 8.2 Endpoints. 8.3 Null Telic Morphemes and Lexical Entries. 8.4 Coercion and Selection. 8.5 Viewpoint vs. Situation Aspect. 8.6 Conclusion.- Conclusion. 9.1 Introduction. 9.2 Lexical vs Functional. 9.3 Lexical Entries and Idioms. 9.4 Theta Roles and Aspectual Roles. 9.5 The Nature of Coercion. 9.6 Further Questions.- References

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