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A real first. At last, a comprehensive empirical analysis of the major truncatory patterns in English
Complete with a critical evaluation of pertinent theories in the light of known empirical facts
Contains a broad coverage of structural aspects, including segmental, phonotactic, and suprasegmental
This is the first modern book-length empirical study and theoretical account of English truncatory processes. On the basis of a corpus comprising some 3000 derivatives, the book provides a systematic investigation of the structural properties of six different patterns of English name truncation and word clipping. All patterns are shown to be unique in terms of the structural requirements that they impose on their outputs.
The book presents an optimality-theoretic account of the data in the framework of Prosodic Morphology. Pertinent theoretical claims are evaluated in the light of the empirical findings from English, leading to an analysis which can successfully predict canonical form in truncation and which incorporates systematic variability in output structure. This volume is a contribution to the study of both English word-formation and English phonology, and can be used by scholars working inside and outside OT alike.
English Prosodic Morphology: Morphology.- English Prosodic Morphology: Prosody.- The Patterns.- The Structure of Monosyllabic Truncated Names.- The Structure of Y-Hypocoristics.- The Structure of Clippings.- Constraint Interaction: Word Structure.- Constraint Interaction: Syllable Structure.- Constraint Interaction: Cluster Phonotactics.- Constraint Interaction: Segmental Changes.