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Education & Language - Linguistics | Plurality, Conjunction and Events

Plurality, Conjunction and Events

Lasersohn, P.

1995, XII, 308 p.

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  • About this book

Plurality, Conjunction and Events presents a novel theory of plural and conjoined phrases, in an event-based semantic framework. It begins by reviewing options for treating the alternation between `collective' and `distributive' readings of sentences containing plural or conjoined noun phrases, including analyses from both the modern and the premodern literature. It is argued that plural and conjoined noun phrases are unambiguously group-denoting, and that the collective/distributive distinction therefore must be located in the predicates with which these noun phrases combine. More specifically, predicates must have a hidden argument place for events; the collective/distributive distinction may then be represented in the part/whole structure of these events. This allows a natural treatment of `collectivizing' adverbial expressions, and of `pluractional' affixes; it also allows a unified semantics for conjunction, in which conjoined sentences and predicates denote groups of events, much like conjoined noun phrases denote groups of individuals.

Content Level » Research

Keywords » Adverbial - argue - semantic - semantics

Related subjects » Linguistics - Logic & Philosophy of Language - Philosophy

Table of contents 

Preface. Part One: Collective and Distributive Readings: History and Range of Possible Analyses. Introduction: An Apparent Difference between Two Types of Conjunction. 1. Logical Form. 2. The NP/S Analysis. 3. The Relational/S Analysis. 4. The S/S Analysis. 5. Two Types of NP/NP Analysis. 6. Interlude on Collective Action and Colors. 7. Locating the Ambiguity. 8. How Many Readings? 9. On the Structure of Groups. 10. The Event-Free Fragment. Part Two: Events in the Semantics of Plurality and Conjunction. Introduction: Extending the Coverage. 11. Earlier Work on Collectivizing Adverbials. 12. Return on an Event-Based Analysis. 13. Pluractional Markers. 14. Unifying the Semantics of Conjunctions. Conclusions. References.

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