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Case, Scope, and Binding investigates the relation between syntax and semantics within a framework which combines the syntactic Government-Binding theory with a novel cross-linguistic theory of case and semantics. It is argued that case assignment, agreement, syntactic binding relations, as well as the minimum scopes of operators, are all determined by the relations which hold at the level of s-structure. Cross-linguistic variation with respect to these phenomena is due to corresponding variations at the s-structure level. The minimum scope of an operator cannot exceed its c-command domain at s-structure, but may be reduced by certain semantic mechanisms. The availability of any wider scope option depends on the possibility of movement at LF. The proposed theory is tested in detail against the facts of Inuit (Eskimo-Aleut family), an ergative language with typologically unusual scope and binding relations. For linguists and philosophers interested in syntax, semantics, or the syntax-semantics interface.
List of Abbreviations. 1: Case, Scope and Binding. 1. The S-Structure as the Default Logical Form. 2. A Theory of Case. 3. Basic Case and Agreement Patterns. 4. Further Evidence from Case Assignment in Inuit. 5. Cross-Linguistic Semantics. 6. An Interpretable S-Structure Determines the Minimum Scopes. 7. Semantic Effects of Movement at LF. 8. Syntactic Binding Relations in Inuit. 9. Conclusion. 2: Case-Motivated Movement in Inuit. 1. Review of Case Theory. 2. Nominative Argument Raising. 3. Noun Incorporation. 4. Movement or Binding of a Polyadic Head. 5. Conclusion. 3: Semantic Interpretation of Inuit Structures. 1. Default Existential Quantification. 2. Predicative Numerals and Distributive Agreement. 3. Semantic Effects of Argument Raising at LF. 4. Semantic Characteristics of Nominative Arguments. 5. Conclusion. 4: Syntactic Binding Relations in Inuit. 1. Extended Conditions A and B. 2. Reflexive and Pronominal Arguments. 3. Proximate and Obviative Functional Heads. 4. Extended Control Condition. 5. Controlled PRO. 6. Controlled Functional Heads. 7. Universal Quantifiers. 8. Conclusion. References. Index of Names. Index of Subjects. (SHORT CONTENTS) List of Abbreviations. 1: Case, Scope and Binding. 2: Case-Motivated Movement in Inuit. 3: Semantic Interpretation of Inuit Structures. 4: Syntactic Binding Relations in Inuit. References. Index of Names. Index of Subjects.