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First exploration of a unique development in 20th century philosophical thought in relation to education
Expert team of researchers from East and West
Provides new and widely relevant conception of aesthetic education
Unique examination of themes of education as transformation
First collection in English to address the educational thought of the Kyoto School
The work of the Kyoto School represents one of the few streams of philosophy that originate in Japan. Following the cultural renaissance of the Meiji Restoration after Japan’s period of closure to the outside world (1600-1868), this distinctly Japanese thought found expression especially in the work of Kitaro Nishida, Keiji Nishitani and Hajime Tanabe. Above all this is a philosophy of experience, of human becoming, and of transformation. In pursuit of these themes it brings an inheritance of Western philosophy that encompasses William James, Hume, Kant and Husserl, as well as the psychology of Wilhelm Wundt, into conjunction with Eastern thought and practice. Yet the legacy and continuing reception of the Kyoto School have not been easy, in part because of the coincidence of its prominence with the rise of Japanese fascism. In light of this, then, the School’s ongoing relationship to the thought of Heidegger has an added salience. And yet this remains a rich philosophical line of thought with remarkable salience for educational practice.
The present collection focuses on the Kyoto School in three unique ways. First, it concentrates on the School’s distinctive account of human becoming. Second, it examines the way that, in the work of its principal exponents, diverse traditions of thought in philosophy and education are encountered and fused. Third, and with a broader canvas, it considers why the rich implications of the Kyoto School for for philosophy and education have not been more widely appreciated, and it seeks to remedy this.
The first part of the book introduces the historical and philosophical background of the Kyoto School, illustrating its importance especially for aesthetic education, while the second part looks beyond this to explore the convergence of relevant streams of philosophy, East and West, ranging from the Noh play and Buddhist practices to American transcendentalism and post-structuralism.
Content Level »Research
Keywords »Aesthetic Education - American transcendentalism - Buddhist practices - Cavell - Developmental Psychology - Emerson - Existentialism - Hajime Tanabe - Heidegger - Human becoming - Hume - Husserl - Japanese Thought - Kant - Keiji Nishitani - Kitaro Nishida - Kyoto School of Philosophy - Kyoto University - Meji Restoration - Motomori Kimura - Natsume Soseki - Noh play - Philosophy of Education - Philosophy of experience - Satoji Yano - Shiller - Shoko Suzuki - Takuo Nishimura - Teaching and Learning - Thoreau - Tsunemi Tanaka - Western philosophy - Wilhelm Wundt - William James - Zeami - post-structuralism - transcendentalism - transformation
1. Introduction; Paul Standish.- PART I.- 2. Pure Experience and Transcendence Down; Paul Standish.- 3. The Kyoto School of Anthropology and Post-war Pedagogy; Satoji Yano.- 4. The Kyoto School and J.F. Herbert; Shoko Suzuki.- 5. A Genealogy of the Development of the Clinical Theory on Human Becoming; Tsunemi Tanaka.- 6. The Kyoto School and Theory of Aesthetic Human Transformation: Examining Motomori Kimura’s Interpretation of F. Schiller; Takuo Nishimura.- 7. Metamorphoses of ‘Pure Experience’: Buddhist, Enactive and Historical Turns in Nishida; Nobuo Kazashi.- 8. William James, Nishida Kitaro, and Religion; Chae Young Kim.- 9. Ecological Imagination and Aims of Moral Education through the Kyoto School and American Pragmatism; Steven Fesmire.- PART II.- 10. Martinus Jan Langeveld: Modern Educationalist of Everyday Upbringing; Bas Levering.- 11. Zeami’s Philosophy of Exercise and Expertise; Tadashi Nishihira.- 12. ‘We are Alone, and We are Never Alone’: American Transcendentalism and Political Education of Human Nature; Naoko Saito.- 13. Whitehead on the ‘Rhythm of Education’ and Nishida Kitaro’s ‘Pure Experience’ as a Developing Whole; Steve Odin.- 14. A Different Road: The Life and Writings of Natsume Sōseki as a Struggle for Modern Accommodation; Lynda Stone.- 15. Negativity, Experience and Transformation: Educational Possibilities at the Margins of Experience – Insights from the German Traditions of Philosophy of Education; Andrea English.- 16. Indebtedness to the Dead and Education as a Gift: Task and Limits of Post-war Education; Satoji Yano.- Index.