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A critical issue in research and development (R&D) management is the structure and use of evaluative efforts for R&D programs. The book introduces the different methods that may be used in R&D evaluation and then illustrates these methods by describing actual evaluation in practice using those methods. The book is divided into two sections. The first section provides an introduction and details on several popular methodologies used in the evaluation of research and development activities. The second half of the book focuses on evaluation in practice and is comprised of several chapters offering the perspectives of individuals in different types of organizations. The book concludes with an annotated bibliography of selected R&D evaluation literature, focusing on post-1985 literature, on research evaluation.
Content Level »Research
Keywords »evaluation - management - operations research - research & development (R&D)
Preface. Section I: Evaluation Methods. 1. Methods for Evaluating the Return on R&D Investments; A. Link. 2. The Use of Case Studies in R&D Impact Evaluations; G. Kingsley. 3. Bibliometrics as a Tool for Analysis of R&D Impacts; J. Melkers. 4. Co-Word Analysis; R. Kostoff. 5. Peer Review and Evaluation of R&D Impacts; B. Bozeman. 6. Patents and the Evaluation of R&D; M. Papadakis. 7. Operations Research Contributions to Evaluation of R&D Projects; S. Bretschneider. Section II: Evaluation in Practice. 8. Evaluating Federal R&D in Canada; A. Barbarie. 9. Evaluating Federal R&D in the United States; D. Roessner. 11. Evaluating the Industrial Relevance of Public R&D Laboratories; R. Dalpe, F. Anderson. 12. U.S. Evaluation of Strategic Research: Closing the Gap with Europe and Japan; S. Cozzens. 13. The Temporal Dimension of R&D Evaluation: Incorporating Spin-Off Benefits; M. Brown, C.R. Wilson. 14. Criteria for Evaluating Research Projects and Portfolios; H. Averch. 15. Annotated Bibliography on Evaluation of Research, 1985-1990; H. Averch. Index.