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Europe has a rich monetary history. Until recently, its many central banks assigned divergent priorities and pursued policy objectives via different routes. As a result, Europe's past provides fertile ground for those seeking practical guidance to the art ofcentral banking. The importance of this past gained a new dimension with the prospect of Economic and Monetary Union in 1999, as the participating countries were faced with the challenge of bridging their differences and forging a common monetary policy strategy that would apply throughout the new currency area. At the same time, these countries sought to build forth on the theretofore most successful central bank strategies, thereby maintaining a certain degree of policy continuity. Monetary policy strategy is at the core of central banking. This strategy determines how incoming information on economic developments is translated into monetary policy actions and how these policy actions are communicated to the public at large. In other words, the strategy fulfils the dual role ofimposing a structure on the internal policy-making process and ofproviding a vehicle for the external communication of this process. The design of a monetary policy strategy thus brings together key elements such as consistency and transparency - that together determine the effectiveness and credibility ofmonetary policy.
Content Level »Research
Keywords »European Union (EU) - Eurosystem - Inflation - development - monetary policy - policy-making - rating
Foreword; W.F. Duisenberg. Acknowledgements. 1. Introduction. Part One: Conceptual Issues. 2. Key considerations governing the choice of monetary policy strategy. 3. Targeting options for monetary policy. Part Two: The European Experience. 4. The historical setting. 5. The evolution of money targeting, 1975-1998. 6. The evolution of exchange rate targeting. 7. The evolution of inflation targeting, 1992-1998. 8. The monetary policy strategy of the Eurosystem. Appendices I-XIV: Monetary policy targets and outcomes in individual EU countries, 1975-98. Bibliography. Author Index. Subject Index. Tables. Charts.