Towards an Ecologically Sustainable Growth Society
Physical Foundations, Economic Transitions, and Political Constraints
Fritsch, Bruno, Schmidheiny, Stephan, Seifritz, Walter
Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 1994, VIII, 198 pp. 28 figs.
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This book is the work of three specialists from the field of Economics (B.F), Business (S.S.) and the Natural Sciences (W.S.). While each chapter concentrates more or less on one or other of these areas, with varying degrees of complexity, it is hoped that the readers whatever their background will fmd something of value in each section, in particular those outside their own disciplines. The authors believe that such cross fertilization of ideas will become increasingly needed in the coming development of a sustainable growth society and it is therefore their hope that this book, as a first example of its kind, will thereby contribute in an interdisciplinary way to the general understanding of the issues of sustainable growth. The authors divided their main contributions to the book as follows: Bruno Fritsch Chapters 1,2,3,4,5 and 8 Stephan Schmidheiny Chapter 7 Walter Seifritz Chapters 2, 3, 4 and 6 They would like to thank in particular Lloyd Timberlake for his editorial advice and his assistance on chapter 7. Special thanks are due to Irena Kusar for preparing the original figures and diagrams and to the Paul Scherrer Institute for permission to use the illustration, printing and copying facilities during preparation of the manuscript. They would also like to thank Richard Stratton for assembling, typing and correcting the text, editing and final layout and for his helpful advice and contributions to organising the presentation of the material.
1 Introduction.- 1.1 Aims and Objectives.- 1.2 References to Chapter 1.- 2 Historical Developments.- 2.1 Events of the last 25 Years.- 2.2 Between Past and Future: the Present State of Affairs.- 2.3 A Short History of Entropy.- 2.4 References to Chapter 2.- 3 Evolution and Energy.- 3.1 Entropy, Life and Evolution.- 3.2 Energy in Biological and Societal Systems.- 3.3 Evolution of Population and Energy Densities.- 3.4 Energy Use and the Increase of Entropy.- 3.5 References to Chapter 3.- 4 Economic Growth and Ecological Sustain Ability.- 4.1 From Limits to Growth to Growth of Limits.- 4.2 Manufactured Capital vs “Natural” Capital.- 4.3 The Hypercycle of Energy, Time, Availability, Knowledge.- 4.4 References to Chapter 4.- 5 The Special Role of Electricity.- 5.1 Electricity and Society.- 5.2 The “Form Value” of Electricity.- 5.3 A Modelling Approach.- 5.4 References to Chapter 5.- 6 Some Technical Steps Towards Sustainability.- 6.1 Controlling the Flow of Energy and Wastes.- 6.2 Measures to Limit C02 in the Atmosphere.- 6.3 A Mixed Nuclear/Fossil System.- 6.4 Nuclear Waste and Safety.- 6.5 Entropy Again.- 6.6 References to Chapter 6.- 6.7 Appendix to Chapter 6.- 7 Ecoefficiency and the Entrepreneurial Factor.- 7.1 Sustainable Development.- 7.2 About Business.- 7.3 Reflecting Environmental Reality.- 7.4 The Concerns of the Developing World.- 7.5 Trade and Technology Cooperation.- 7.6 Farming and Forestry.- 7.7 Capital Markets.- 7.8 The Corporate Agenda.- 7.9 References to Chapter 7.- 8 Summary and Conclusions.- 8.1 Towards an Ecologically Sustainable Economic Growth.- 8.2 The Key Concept: Ecoefficiency.- 8.3 Conclusions.- 8.4 References to Chapter 8.- Name Index.