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Earth Sciences & Geography - Oceanography | Tsunamis on the Pacific Coast of Canada - From Prehistoric Time to the Present

Tsunamis on the Pacific Coast of Canada

From Prehistoric Time to the Present

Rabinovich, A.B., Stephenson, F.E., Yakovenko, O.I., Kulikov, E.A., Thomson, R.

2015, X, 225 p.

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  • About this book

  • Unique historical tsunami data set for almost tsunami-unknown region in the Pacific Ocean
  • Spectacular examples of several historical events
  •  Detailed analysis of the unique 1975 Kitimat landslide-generated tsunamis
  • Numerical modelling of historical and potential landslide-generated tsunamis
  • High-quality instrumentation and modern methods of data analysis that enabled to identify and examine in the Canada records several local and distant tsunamis
Tsunamis are among the world’s most dangerous and destructive natural phenomena. The catastrophic tsunami of December 26, 2004 claimed over 300000 lives. These numerous catastrophic tsunamis have caused a significant increase in scientific interest of this natural hazard. About 85% of all tsunamis occur in the Pacific Ocean and are the products of submarine earthquakes around the Pacific Rim, where collisions of tectonic plates form highly active seismic subductive zones. The Great Cascadia Earthquake of January 26, 1700, which occurred near the west coast of Canada, produced a catastrophic tsunami which affected the entire coast of the Pacific Ocean. Assembling data on observed tsunamis and cataloguing historical tsunamis are key problems for scientific examination of tsunami waves, estimation and mitigation of tsunami risk for coastal areas, and improvement of the existing Tsunami Warning Service. The purpose of the present book is to present the historical and modern data on the Canadian coast of the Pacific Ocean and to complete the existing tsunami database. At the same time, the book is intended to present some modern achievements in instrumentation, data analyses, numerical modelling, and estimation of tsunami risk and may be of interest for specialists in wave dynamics, seismology, geophysics, coastal engineering and natural hazard mitigation.

Content Level » Research

Keywords » database - earthquakes - ocean waves - submarine landslides - tsunami

Related subjects » Applied & Technical Physics - Mechanics - Oceanography

Table of contents 

Preface Introduction Chapter 1. Nature of the coasts of British Columbia 1.1. Seafloor topography 1.2. Straits, channels, inlets and bays 1.3. Shores and beaches 1.4. Tides and other sea level variations Chapter 2. Tsunami sources 2.1. General properties 2.2. Local tsunamis: Seismicity offshore of British Columbia 2.3. Distant tsunamis: Main tsunamigenic zones in the Pacific Ocean 2.4. Landslides and slide-generated tsunamis 2.5. Volcanic activity and volcanically-generated tsunamis 2.6. Atmospheric activity and meteorological tsunamis Chapter 3. Prehistoric events 3.1. Paleotsunamis on the coast of British Columbia 3.2. Kwalate rock-avalanche generated tsunami 3.3. The Great Cascadia tsunami of January 1700 Chapter 4. Tsunamis on the coast of British Columbia 4.1. 1700-1899 4.2. 1900-1919 4.3. 1920-1939 4.4. 1940-1959 4.5. 1960-1979 4.6. 1980-1999 4.7. 2000-2009 4.8. Statistics Chapter 5. Spectral and wavelet analysis of tsunami records 5.1. Background oscillations and topographic transfer function 5.2. Peru tsunami of 23 June 2001 5.3. Queen Charlotte tsunami of 12 October 2001 5.4. Vancouver Island tsunami of 2 November 2004 5.5. Sumatra tsunami of 26 December 2004 5.6. California tsunami of 15 June 2005 5.7. Samoa tsunami of 29 September 2009 Chapter 6. Numerical modelling of tsunami waves and estimation of tsunami risk 6.1. Numerical modelling of seismically-generated tsunamis 6.2. Modelling of tsunami waves for the Pacific coast of Vancouver Island 6.3. Numerical modelling of the Cascadia tsunami for Juan de Fuca Strait and southern coast of Vancouver Island Chapter 7. Tsunami waves in Alberni Inlet: Observations and modelling 7.1. Tsunami of 27 March 1964 in Port Alberni 7.2. Analysis of tsunami records at and around Alberni Inlet 7.3. Numerical modelling of background oscillations in Alberni Inlet 7.4. Modelling of tsunami waves in Alberni Inlet Chapter 8. Landslide generated tsunami on the Pacific coast of North America 8.1. Submarine landslides and slide-generated tsunamis along the coasts of British Columbia, Alaska and Washington 8.2. Tsunami generation by landslides on the Pacific coast of North America and the role of tides 8.3. Numerical simulation of the dock-failure generated tsunami of 3 November 1994 in Skagway Harbor, Alaska 8.4. Numerical modelling of Kitimat (British Columbia) tsunami of 27 April 1975 8.5. Numerical modelling of landslide-generated tsunamis in the Strait of Georgia Chapter 9. Meteorological tsunamis for the coasts of British Columbia and Washington State 9.1. Some statistical characteristics of seiches and meteotsunamis for the southern coast of British Columbia 9.2. Meteotsunami of 9 December 2005 9.3. Meteotsunami of 13 July 2007 9.4. Meteotsunami of 26 February 2008 Chapter 10. Tsunami Warning Service for the Pacific coast of Canada Appendix 1.Principal parameters of tsunamis observed on the Pacific coast of Canada Appendix 2. List of tsunamigenic events on the Pacific coast of Canada Appendix 5. Marigrams for the tsunamis on the coast of British Columbia Appendix 3. Tide gauge measurements on the Pacific coast of Canada Appendix 4. Glossary of terms References Index of geographic names

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